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Psych 2B03 – Midterm 2 Textbook Notes.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 2B03
Professor
Richard B Day
Semester
Fall

Description
Psych2B03PersonalityChapter13151747NotesChapter13PhenomenologyAwarenessisEverythingExperienceExistenceandtheMeaningofLifeHumanisticandPositivePsychologyPsychologistsbelievethebestwaytounderstandthehumanmindisbyemulatingthephysicalandbiologicalscienceandtheirprinciplesofpublicdataobjectiveanalysisandrepeatabilityThegoalofhumanisticpsychologyistoaddressthewaysinwhichthefieldofpsychologyisuniqueClassichumanisticarguedthatthemindisfundamentallydifferentfromallotheraspectsThehumanmindisawarePsychologyneedstoaddressthisawarenessThisselfawarenessalsobringswillpowerreflectivethinkingimaginationintrospectionselfcriticismaspirationscreativityhappinessandalsofreewillSelfawarenessmakestheseallpossibleandtheyareoftenignoredinpsychologyHumanisticpsychologyseekstounderstandawarenessfreewillhappinessandtherelateduniquelyhumanaspectsthatgivelifemeaningPhenomenologyAwarenessisEverythingOnesconsciousexperienceoftheworldpersonsphenomenologyispsychologicallymoreimportantthantheworlditselfTheonlytimeandplaceinwhichyouexistisinyourconsciousnessrighthereandrightnowThepastandthefuturecanonlyaffectyourpresentthoughtsThepastfutureandotherpeoplearenomorethanideasorillusionsAbroaderrealitymayexistbutonlythepartyouperceiveorinventmatterstoyouGordonLiddysaidevenifyourhandisonfirethetrickisnottocareRealizationthatonlyyourpresentexperiencemattersisthebasisoffreewillYouareherenowandyoucanchoosewhattothinkfeelanddoNotanewideafromclassicGreekphilosophytooItisnotthingsinthemselvesthattroubleusbutouropinionofthingsEpictetusIfyouaredistressedbyanythingexternalthepainisnotduetothethingitselfbuttoyourestimateofitandthisyouhavepowertorevokeatanymomentMarcusAureliusIdonotreacttosomeabsoluterealitybuttomyperceptionofthisrealityItisthisperceptionwhichformeisrealityCarlRogersYourparticularexperienceoftheworldiscalledyourconstrualThesearedifferentfromeveryoneelseformthebasisofhowyouliveyourlifeincludinggoalsyoupursueobstaclesandopportunitiesyouperceiveInchoosingyourconstrualoftheworlddecidinghowtointerpretyourexperiencesyoucanachievefreewillByleavingthischoicetootherpeopleortosocietyyouloseyourautonomyandinasenseyoursoulExistentialismPurposeofexistentialphilosophywastoregaincontactwiththebasicexperiencesofbeingaliveandawareTogetintouchwithhumanexperienceItbeginswiththeconcreteandspecificexperienceofahumanbeingEXISITINGataparticularmomentintimeandspaceRightnowYourexperienceofexistencehappensoneinfinitesimallysmallmomentatatimewhichisthengoneandfollowedbyanotherThe3PartsofExperienceTheconsciousexperienceofbeingalivehas3componentsFirstcomponentisbiologicalexperienceorUmweltItsthesensationsyoufeelbcyouareabiologicalorganismAllbodilysensationsThesecondcomponentissocialexperienceorMitweltThisiswhatyouthinkandfeelasasocialbeingYouremotionsandthoughtsandthosedirectedtoyouThethirdcomponentisinnerpsychologicalexperienceorEigenweltThisisthefeelingofexperienceitselfHowyoufeelandthinkwhenyoutrytounderstandyourselfyourownmindandyourownexistenceThrownnessandAngstAnimportantbasisofyourexperienceisyourthrownnessThisisthetimeplaceandcircumstancesintowhichyouhappenedtobebornThisisdifficultasexistenceinmodernsocietyseemstohavenooverarchingmeaningorpurposeInmodernscienceartandphilosophythereisnoalternativeworldviewthatcantellyouthetwothingsyouneedtoknowofwhyamIhereAndwhatshouldIbedoingAccordingtoexistentialphilosophytherearenoanswerstothesetwoconcernsbeyondthosethatyouinventforyourselfFailuretoanswerthesequestionsleadstoanxietyaboutthemeaningoflifeandwhetheryourspendingittherightwayYouonlyhaveoneshotwasteitandyouwasteeverythingTheseAngstunpleasantfeelingscausedbytheseconcernsiscalledexistentialanxietyorAngstcanbeseparatedinto3separatesensationsanguishforlornnessanddespairoAnguisheveryconscioushumanfeelsanguishbcchoiceswehavetomakearenotperfectThetradeoffsareinescapableinthatdoinggoodinonewaycanleadtobadoutcomesTheresultinganguishisinescapabletoooForlornnothingandnoonenogodorunquestionablesetofrulesorvaluescanguideyourchoicesorletyouoffthehookforwhatyouhavedoneYouremainaloneinyourchoosingtodosomethingwhethersomeoneforcesyoutodoitornotNoescapefromthisexistentialsolitudeYouremainforlornalonewithyourchoicesoDespairanyawarepersonrealizethatmanyoutcomesarebeyondcontrolincludingsomeofthemostimportantelementsinlifeYoucannotchangethefateofyouoranyoneelseOnceacceptedthisyouwillfeeldespairatyourinabilitytochangecrucialaspectsoftheworldThisinabilityonlyredoublesyourresponsibilitytoaffectthoseaspectsoftheworldthatyoucaninfluenceBadFaithYoumustfacethisAngstandbadexperiencesdirectlyItismorallyimperativetofaceyourownmortalityandtheapparentmeaninglessnessoflifeyoumustseekpurposeforyourexistencenonethelessThisisyourexistentialresponsibilitywhichrequiresexistentialcourageoptimistictoughnessThewholelivingwithyourheadinthesandapproachislivinginbadfaithByleadingtheunexaminedlifeanddoingeverythingyouaretoldwithoutquestionThisstrategyisverycommonbutcomeswith3problemsoIgnoretroublingfactsofexistenceisacowardlylieyousellyoursoulforcomfortYougiveupthisshortlifebcyourefusetoexaminethesubstanceandmeaningofyourexperienceMightaswellbearockornotaliveatallVonnegutsaidhumansareluckymudweresimilarchemicallytomudyetwehavetheluckofawarenessofourexperiencesButtheluckwearsoffatdeathandwereturnbacktoearthYoumustexperienceofmuchoftheworldaspossibleandasvividlyaspossiblePeopleoftenleadunexaminedlivesandneverrealizehowfortunatetheyaretobealiveandawarethentheydiewithouteverrealizingthisoEvenifyouignoreexistentialissuesandsurroundyourselfwithmaterialcomfortsyouwillstillnotbehappyAmeaningfullifemeansmorethanmoneyExperiencespromotehappinessmorethanpossessionsdoIfyouchosethematerialpathyouwillgetdarkmomentsofamoresatisfyinglifethatwillcontinuetosneakupunexpectedlyuntilyouownuptoyourexistentialresponsibilityoItisimpossibletochoosenottoworryaboutthemeaningoflifeasthisisstillachoiceNoexitfromtheexistentialdilemmaAuthenticExistenceCourageouslycometotermswithyourexistenceTheauthenticexistenceisbeinghonestinsightfulandmorallycorrectYouaremortallifeisshortandyouarethemasterofyourowndestinyEverypersonisaloneanddoomedauthenticexistencecannotsaveyoufromlonelinessandunhappinessLifehasnomeaningbeyondwhatyougiveitAnyapparentmeaningtolifemightbeanillusionTheessenceofhumanexperienceisthisdiscoveryOnlyhumansunderstandit
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