Study Guides (380,000)
CA (150,000)
McMaster (9,000)
PSYCH (1,000)

PSYCH 2AA3 Study Guide - Reference Group

Course Code
Jennifer Ostovich

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Child Development-November 18th, 2013
How the Theory is Structure
Kohlberg describes 3 levels
Pre-conventional: you are not feeling part of some group, you don’t identify with any given group so
you are not going to do what everyone is saying
• Conventional
Post-conventional: part of a group, but you feel as though you can question your group and their rules
Level 1: Preconventional Morality
Moral judgments are based on consequences to self
Stage 1: Punishment and Obedience Orientation
Things that get us punished are bad
Things that do not get us punished are good
If I get punished, clearly I shouldn’t do it anymore, trying to avoid punishment
Learn about punishment from authority figures, older people must be obeyed, you get punished by
older people or authority
This centers around not getting punished
Someone who is in a stage 1, if you ask them Heinz question they will say that he shouldn’t steal the
drug because they will get punished or get in trouble, all that matters is that there is punishment
Stage 2: Self-Interest Orientation
Interested in what is good for us, what do I want, what is good for me, basically interested in what
happens to themselves
Things that make us feel good are good (and vice versa)
It is fair (moral) to reciprocate both good and bad acts, fair exchange, should do good things for people
because they get reciprocated good things, but should avoid bad things because you will get
reciprocated bad things
Preconventional kids in either stage are basically interested in what happens to themselves, will they get
punished for something they do, and will they get something good out of something they day
Level 2: Conventional Morality
Moral judgments are now based on membership in some reference group
Stages are controversial
Stage 3: Interpersonal Relationships
Interested in your school, your church, etc.,
You are concerned for other people, you love other people
Motivation determines morality, no matter what you do, even if you do something bad, as long as you
do it for someone you love and care about, then it is moral
Heinz should steal the drug because his intentions were good because he is saving the life of someone
he loves, a lot of the people think that the druggist is a bad person and believe he has bad
Stage 4: Maintaining Social Order
Reference group changes from people that you just might know to your culture and society
Concern for society as a whole, we need laws, must follow laws or all hell will break loose, and if you
don’t you are immoral
Cultural-level obedience determines morality
You shouldn’t still the drug because society will fall apart if you don’t obey the laws
Level 3: Post-Conventional Morality
There is something larger than rules of society
You access your society and decide for yourself if this is the type of society you want to live in, is it
what you consider moral or not?
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version