PSYCH 2AP3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Comorbidity, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

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Depressive disorders: major depression and dysthymia (sad mood) Bipolar disorders: bipolar i and ii, cyclothymia (less intense version of bipolar) If person experiences hypomania then considered bipolar even though more depression than mania. Features of both: anhedonia, low self- esteem, hopeless. Relatively rare: high self-esteem, racing thoughts, irritability, easily distracted, pleasurable and risky behaviour. Physiological symptoms: not eating/overeating, no need for sleep, trouble sleeping, fatigue, lack energy goal-directed activity, restlessness. Major depression: point prevalence, females: 5-10, males: 2-5% Lifetime prevalence: females: 10-25, males: 5-12, age onset: 20s to 50s, usually late. Lifetime prevalence: 1-2: no sex bias, age onset: late teens -20s, more likely in higher social economic status. Identified with loved object, becomes part of self: angry when they"re gone, anger at person turns into anger at self instead. Etiology: seligman (learned helplessness of dogs: experiences failure/negative attributions for cause of failure, internal reasons: something wrong with me.

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