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Midterm

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
RELIGST 2VV3
Professor
Tristan Carter
Semester
Fall

Description
RELIG ST 1D06 Exam Study 1. Using at least two examples from the Pentateuch, briefly outline the Documentary Hypothesis and why it has been so important to the modern study of the Bible. a. Creation Genesis 1-2 J and P separated P o Very structured o Repetitive and same pattern for each day of creation J o Better flow o Anthropomorphic characteristics of God b. Flood narrative Genesis 6-7 J and P interwoven J o LORD o Seven pairs of clean animals, one pair of unclean animals o 40 days of rain o Sacrifice and Lords promise P o God o One pair of each animal o God opens floodgates above and below o God blessed Noah and using Gen 1 language, establishes a covenant with him c. Israelites leaving Egypt Exodus 14 J and P interwoven d. Explains all the repetitions and differences found in the Bible (Pentateuch) 2. Discuss Isaiah 45:1 and how it relates to at least two biblical themes that we have looked at this term. a. God chooses people to do his divine will Cyrus is anointed, God used him to defeat the Babylonians o Babylonians invade Jerusalem and destroy the temple, Babylonian exile o He is acting on behalf of the Israelites to defeat the Babylonians o Allowed them to return, build the temple, practice their worship to God o He is not an Israelite, he is King of Persia (now Iran) b. God is not only the God of Israel, but of everything God is in control of history Political-geographical (geopolitical) events are guided by God Cyrus is not aware of God and his working (not conscious of God) o This is different from Sauls or Davids anointing because they knew that they were doing Gods will c. Relationship between God and His people God always remains faithful to his people, saves them even in their unfaithfulness 3. Scholars believe that the Deuteronomistic History interprets the history of Israel based on a particular understanding of the relationship between God and Israel. Describe the contents of the DH and find at least three examples from the biblical narrative that illustrate the deuteronomic perspective and one example which offers a different vision. a. Contents Joshua to 2 Kings based on the perspective of Deuteronomy (intro) Conquest of Canaan Establishment of monarchy Conquest of northern kingdom by Assyrians Destruction of southern kingdom by Babylonians b. Deuteronomistic Perspective Covenant: agreement between God and His people One God (monotheism), one place (Jerusalem), one law If obedient to God (follow covenant), the people will be blessed If disobedient, judgement will be upon them Northern kingdom starts to worship outside of Jerusalem and other gods, so Assyrians destroy northern kingdom; same with Southern Kingdom c. Different Some righteous people do suffer, contrary to DP Psalms of lament Psalm 82 o God seems to be talking to other gods Exodus o People worship in different places o Henotheism 4. Briefly outline three theories concerning how the Israelites came to establish themselves as a nation in Canaan towards the end of the second millennium BCE. From the perspective of redactional criticism which theory is promoted by the biblical accounts in Joshua? a. Conquest Joshua 11:16-17 The Israelites came out of slavery in Egypt. After 40 years, they crossed the Jordan River and invaded Canaan. The main process of the conquest was a successful military invasion by a unified people distinct from the Canaanites as the book of Joshua describes. b. Infiltration Different groups of Israelites settled around the area of Canaan. When they became more established and numerous in the area, they began territorial expansion and slowly gained more land c. Social Revolution The Israelites were Canaanites and they revolted against the authorities and those in power 5. Define the term Hexateuch and explain its significance for the academic study of the Bible. a. Joshua and the Pentateuch b. Genesis: the beginning, creation, establishment of the relationship between God and him people, covenant with Abraham c. Exodus: God chooses Moses to lead the people out of Egypt d. Leviticus: instructions about Israels obligations to God Rules about sin, practices, sacrifices and offerings, Gods requirements, Holiness Code e. Numbers: laws and rituals Yahwehs determination to see his promise to Abraham fulfilled and Israels resistance to that plan Only Joshua and Caleb will live to see the Promised Land (14:30-31), not even Moses f. Deuteronomy: Second repetition of the law presented by Moses as the people await to enter the Promised Land Reminds the Israelites where they came from, where they are going, and what God requires of them g. Joshua: completes the Pentateuch and tells the story of the Israelites finally entering the Promised Land Moses successor Leads the Israelites back to the land promised to Abraham and his descendants Theory suggests that there is a redactional impulse driving the narrative
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