[SOCIOL 2S06] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (39 pages long!)

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Published on 1 Dec 2016
Department
Professor
McMaster
SOCIOL 2S06
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Feminist/ Racism Theories
Feminist Theories
Introduction and Historical Overview
A. What is Feminist Theory? - Is a wide ranging system of ideas about social life
and human experience developed from a women centered perspective.
a. Women centered- because is examines the situations and experiences
of women.
b. It adopts the standpoint of women.
B. The Development of Feminist Theory (activity)- 3 ways it can be described
1) The First Wave of Feminism- existed between 1830s-1920s
a.a. Comte (1830), Weber (1920) when these men died. The
theoretical ideas that came to dominate sociology would be
developed by three white European men
a.b. Marx, Durkheim, Weber
a.c. During that timeframe early feminist was developing and yet
they were overlooked. As the work of men were highlighted.
Early feminist are among the classical theorist.
a.d. First wave was the struggle of women for political rights
(vote). In a number of countries women finally was able to
vote by 1920s. (the end point of the first wave).
a.e. Women of white women and heterosexual
2) The Temporary Decline of Feminism-
a. 1920s to 1960s less feminist activity was being done. They
were two major reasons for this decline of activity.
b. Due to the new political rights. They were trying to figure out
how to use their newly won political rights to change society.
c. There were a number of social crisis:
World War I
The Great Depression
World War II
The Cold War
3) The Second Wave of Feminism-
a. 1960s – 1990s
b. Political rights (economic and social equality),
c. Gender
d. Raise of the Women’s movement as well as other….as students
movement,
e. Women in the field of sociology were pushing for re-
establishment a feminist perspective in the discipline of
sociology.
4) The Third Wave of Feminism- 1990s to present
a. Presented by women of diverse background
b. Women of color and lesbian
1
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2
c. Women living adult lives in the 21st century
First Wave Feminist Theory
A. Key Issues in First Wave Feminism-
1) Some first wave theorist difference. More of the location and
experience of women in society is in contrast to that of men.
2) Other first wave feminist theorized in inequality. Location in society
is less privileged than that of men.
2.I. Harriet Martineau
2.I.i. Born 1802-1876
2.I.ii. Quite critical of the demographic experience of
inequality and inequality experience by women.
2.I.iii. Argued that the political non-existence of women
due to the lack of voting rights. Women had narrow
interests in being wives and mothers only because of
their general exclusion from the political and economic
spheres of society.
2.I.iv. She is focusing on the inequality must be
explained in terms of social conditions. We cannot
understand the inequality of women in terms of
individual characteristics.
2.II. Charlotte Perkins Gilman
2.II.i. Born in 1860 and died in 1935
2.II.ii. Women and Economics (1898)
2.II.ii.a. She developed “excessive sex distinction”-
socially maintained differences between women
and men that go beyond the difference dictated
by biological reproduction. This concept became
the bases to the later concept known as GENDER.
2.III. Marianne Weber
2.III.i. Born in 1870 and died in 1954 (was wife of Max
Weber)
2.III.ii. She published her own work, “Authority and
Autonomy in Marriage” (1912), a paper. She argued that
men enjoyed autonomy and self-fulfillment through
marriage but women do not.
2.III.iii. She focused on male-dominated institutions:
2.III.iii.a. Such as marriage
2.III.iii.b. Religion
2.III.iii.c. Law
2.III.iii.d. Economy
2.III.iii.e. They all constrain women and generated
inequality between women and men
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