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SOCIOL 2S06 Midterm: Introduction to sociological theory

by OneClass826337 , Fall 2016
10 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCIOL 2S06
Professor
David Young
Study Guide
Midterm

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Introduction to sociological theory 12/4/2016 1:01:00 AM
7 September, 2016
Forces affecting the Development of Sociological theory
Social Forces
Political revolutions
Took place in 18th and 19th Century
French and American revolution
Has impact and changes on sociological theory
Positive changes
Created greater freedom and democracy
Negative Changes
Early theorist tend to focus on negative changes
Chaos and disorders
Restoring social order
Emile Durkheim and Auguste Comte
The Industrial Revolution and the Rise of Capitalism
Late 19th century and early 20th century
Agricultural society to industrial society
People left farming, they enter the stage of manufacturing and factories
Capitalism
Factory owners comporting Factory workers
Negative Reactions
Labour movement emerged to flight for the rights of the workers who
were exploited by capitalism
Radical Movements
“not a good economic system” “we need to move on to something else”
Understanding developments and resulting social problem
KARL MARX, EMILE DURKHEIM, MAX WEBER
They all live through from industrial evolution to the next stage
The Rise of Socialism
Some thinkers favored socialism as a solution of the problem of industrial
revolution and capitalism
Karl Marx talked about the need to engage into the act of overthrow
capitalism and emplace it with socialism
Sociologist who Imposes socialism : Durkheim and weber (they believe
there is a solution of capitalism)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Early Feminism
Patriarchal societies
19th century
Early female theories
Include charlotte, harise, martinenl,
Their views are discounted and marginalized by male theorist until the
late 20th century
Late 20th Century
Urbanization
Growth was connected to industrial revolution
They leave rural areas to urban areas
Overcrowded
Pollution
Noise
Traffic
Religion
Durkheim and Weber
Interest in the positive social aspects
Durkheim argue that religion have the role to establish the solidarity of
early society
Religion help those society together
The growth of Science
Natural Sciences: Physics, biology, chemistry
Honour and prestige are associated
Durkheim and comte argue sociology should be modernize in the nature
sciences
Weber argue that it is impossible to analyze social life in a scientific way;
there is a interpretative way to analyze sociology
Intellectual FORCES
THE ENLIGHTENMENT
What was the Enlightenment
Reason
Rationality
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find more resources at oneclass.com
IT involve the use of reason to assess explanation of reality
Empiricism
Use of evidence to describe and analyze phenomena
Ideas of the Enlightenment
Create logical explanation of reality (theories) Test the explanation
against evidence (observation)
The Enlightenment Traditional Authority
They want to move beyond non-rational explanation out of the world
Include myth and religion
They rejected tradition authority and value and institution
E.g. religious value and institution
The Conservative Reaction to the Enlightenment
French Catholic counter-revolutionary philosophy
Establish a republic
They rejected the French philosopher’s focus on rationality; they think it
is a waste of understanding the world
They value tradition, imagination emotion and religion
They ideas of enlightenment are threating to traditional institution
Patriarchy, family, catholic church
They want to maintain the above
The impact of the Enlightenment and the conservative Reaction
The Development of French Sociology
The ideas of Claude Henri de Saint Simon
A French aristocrat
Impact on conservative theory and radical theory
He wants to maintain and preserve society as it was
He did see the need for some changes to society
He emphasize the importance to understand social phenomena:
empiricism and science
The Ideas of Auguste Comte
A French philosopher
His use of the term “sociology”
He was the FIRST to use these term; he created and coined this term;
means the science of society
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

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Description
Introduction to sociological theory 00:01 7 September, 2016 Forces affecting the Development of Sociological theory Social Forces Political revolutions th th Took place in 18 and 19 Century French and American revolution Has impact and changes on sociological theory Positive changes Created greater freedom and democracy Negative Changes Early theorist tend to focus on negative changes Chaos and disorders Restoring social order Emile Durkheim and Auguste Comte The Induthrial Revolution and tth Rise of Capitalism Late 19 century and early 20 century Agricultural society to industrial society People left farming, they enter the stage of manufacturing and factories Capitalism Factory owners comporting Factory workers Negative Reactions Labour movement emerged to flight for the rights of the workers who were exploited by capitalism Radical Movements “not a good economic system” “we need to move on to something else” Understanding developments and resulting social problem KARL MARX, EMILE DURKHEIM, MAX WEBER They all live through from industrial evolution to the next stage The Rise of Socialism Some thinkers favored socialism as a solution of the problem of industrial revolution and capitalism Karl Marx talked about the need to engage into the act of overthrow capitalism and emplace it with socialism Sociologist who Imposes socialism : Durkheim and weber (they believe there is a solution of capitalism) Early Feminism Patriarchal societies 19 century Early female theories Include charlotte, harise, martinenl, Their views are discounted and marginalized by male theorist until the late 20 century Late 20 Century Urbanization Growth was connected to industrial revolution They leave rural areas to urban areas Overcrowded Pollution Noise Traffic Religion Durkheim and Weber Interest in the positive social aspects Durkheim argue that religion have the role to establish the solidarity of early society Religion help those society together The growth of Science Natural Sciences: Physics, biology, chemistry Honour and prestige are associated Durkheim and comte argue sociology should be modernize in the nature sciences Weber argue that it is impossible to analyze social life in a scientific way; there is a interpretative way to analyze sociology Intellectual FORCES THE ENLIGHTENMENT What was the Enlightenment Reason Rationality IT involve the use of reason to assess explanation of reality Empiricism Use of evidence to describe and analyze phenomena Ideas of the Enlightenment Create logical explanation of reality (theories)  Test the explanation against evidence (observation) The Enlightenment Traditional Authority They want to move beyond non-rational explanation out of the world Include myth and religion They rejected tradition authority and value and institution E.g. religious value and institution The Conservative Reaction to the Enlightenment French Catholic counter-revolutionary philosophy Establish a republic They rejected the French philosopher’s focus on rationality; they think it is a waste of understanding the world They value tradition, imagination emotion and religion They ideas of enlightenment are threating to traditional institution Patriarchy, family, catholic church They want to maintain the above The impact of the Enlightenment and the conservative Reaction The Development of French Sociology The ideas of Claude Henri de Saint Simon A French aristocrat Impact on conservative theory and radical theory He wants to maintain and preserve society as it was He did see the need for some changes to society He emphasize the importance to understand social phenomena: empiricism and science The Ideas of Auguste Comte A French philosopher His use of the term “sociology” He was the FIRST to use these term; he created and coined this term; means the science of society It was first idealize as “social physics” The Law of Three Stage Theological stage (~1300 from religion) Metaphysical stage (1300 to 1800 from philosophy) Positive stage(1800~ from science) POSITIVISM refer to a system
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