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Water Soluble Vitamins Chart.doc

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Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTH 230
Professor
Jeffery Lalonde
Semester
Winter

Description
Water Soluble Vitamins: B Vitamins + Vitamin C Vitamin Recommend Deficiency Loss/Destr Toxicity Sources ations uction Thiamin B1 -needs -in those who fail to meet energy -in cooking -none -whole grain, -coenzymes that release usually met if needs fortified/enriched energy from foods are ->homeless, alcoholics grain CHO/Proteins/Lipids nutritious ->alc. impairs thiamin absorption, -pork enhances excretion -part of coenzyme TPP that helps energy metabolism Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome -alcoholics -role in nerves + tissues Beri Beri (wet/dry) -refined rice Riboflavin B2 -needs -accompanies other vit. defic. -UV light -none -milk -energy metabolism usually -result of very poor diets -radiation -milk products -coenzyme forms: FMN, FAD met/exceede -liver d Ariboflavinosis *heat stable -whole- FMN converts B6 to PLP -inflammation grains/enriched Cheilosis grains -cracks around mouth -*dark green + Glossitis *leafy vegetables -painful, smooth, purple tongue *nutrient dense (a lot/calorie) Water Soluble Vitamins: B Vitamins + Vitamin C Vitamin Recommend Deficiency Loss/Destr Toxicity Sources ations uction Thiamin B1 -needs -in those who fail to meet energy -in cooking -none -whole grain, -coenzymes that release usually met if needs fortified/enriched energy from foods are ->homeless, alcoholics grain CHO/Proteins/Lipids nutritious ->alc. impairs thiamin absorption, -pork enhances excretion -part of coenzyme TPP that helps energy metabolism Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome -alcoholics -role in nerves + tissues Beri Beri (wet/dry) -refined rice Niacin -easily met -bilateral rash where exposed to -will leach -no effect -protein (nicotinic acid/nicotinamide) sun into water from food -pharmac. -milk, eggs, nuts, -energy metabolism Pellegra (corn diet - low protein) *fairly heat effect fish, whole -coenzyme forms: NAD, NADP -4Ds - dementia, dermatitis, resistant -liver dam. grains, fortified diarrhea, death -can -large and enriched -can be made from body withstand doses => grains through tryptophan! *corn (high in leucine) interferes reasonable lower LDL, -1mg niacin = 60mg trypt. with conversion of trypt. -> niacincooking time raise HDL Water Soluble Vitamins: B Vitamins + Vitamin C Vitamin Recommend Deficiency Loss/Destr Toxicity Sources ations uction Thiamin B1 -needs -in those who fail to meet energy -in cooking -none -whole grain, -coenzymes that release usually met if needs fortified/enriched energy from foods are ->homeless, alcoholics grain CHO/Proteins/Lipids nutritious ->alc. impairs thiamin absorption, -pork enhances excretion -part of coenzyme TPP that helps energy metabolism Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome -alcoholics -role in nerves + tissues Beri Beri (wet/dry) -refined rice Vitamin Recommend Deficiency Loss/Destructio Toxicity Sources ations n Biotin -small -rare -none -widespread in -coenzyme in energy metab. amounts -induced with raw egg food sources -role in gluconeogenesis, FA whites (avidin -> binds to synthesis, breakdown of FA -AI: biotin, prevents -liver, egg yolks, and a.a. 30mcg/day* absorption) soybeans, fish, whole grains -skin rash, hair loss, neurological disturbances Pantothenic Acid -based on AI -rare -canning -none -widespread in -part of coenzyme A to replace -freezing food sources -involved in making lipids, NT, daily losses -“general failure of all bod-refining steroid hormones and symptoms” -chicken, beef, hemoglobin -burning feet* (WWII) potatoes, liver, -digestive/neur. disturb. tomatoes, oats Water Soluble Vitamins: B Vitamins + Vitamin C Vitamin Recommend Deficiency Loss/Destr Toxicity Sources ations uction Thiamin B1 -needs -in those who fail to meet energy -in cooking -none -whole grain, -coenzymes that release usually met if needs fortified/enric
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