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PSYC 100 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Comparative Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, PsychophysicsExam

Course Code
PSYC 100
Jordan Poppenk
Study Guide

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Lesson 1-2
1. Psychology arose in the nineteenth century from developments in a number of areas, primarily: D
a) Culture and philosophy
b) Science and medicine
c) Philosophy and religion
d) Science and philosophy
2. Structuralism is to __________ as functionalism is to __________. B
a) consciousness; memory
b) elements of consciousness; purpose of consciousness
c) introspection; consequences of behaviour
d) unobservable behaviour; consciousness
3. Which is most accurate: B
a) Psychologists study the psyche
b) Psychologists study mental processes and behaviour
c) Psychologists study human behaviour
d) Psychologists study animal behaviour
4. Is Psychology most closely related to: B
a) Sociology
b) Biology
c) Philosophy
d) Chemistry
5. If psychology can be defined as the science of behaviour and the mind, why are the data in psychology always
drawn from behaviour? A B
a) All of the others
b) Behaviour can be observed the mind cannot
c) Behaviour can be influenced by the environment but the mind cannot
d) Behaviour can be influenced by physiology but the mind cannot.
6. Which of the following approaches to psychology was most likely to reject the idea that mental events are an appropriate
subject matter for study in psychology? C
a) cognitive psychology
b) structuralism
c) empiricism
d) functionalism
7. Which of the of the following is NOT true: D
a) Structuralists are interested in the 'what' question
b) Functionalists are interested in the 'why' question
c) Psychologists use natural selection to inform their understanding of behaviour
d) Psychologists use introspection to study phenomenon
8. The concept of natural selection is most important for psychologists interested in the _____________________ of
behaviour. B
a) Structure
b) Functions
c) Limitations
d) Variation
9. Through their research on human responses to physical stimuli, both Helmholtz and Fechner contributed to the
beginning of: D A
a) psychophysics
b) comparative psychology
c) rationalism
d) materialism
10. Rationalism is to _____________as empiricism is to ______. B A
a) logic; observation
b) logic; function
c) analysis; science
d) analysis; measurement

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11. Dr. Lemieux wants to determine if a group of participants reading on computer screens will read more pages of
text in one hour than a group of participants reading on paper. She assigns students sitting at the front of the class
to be in the "computer" condition and students at the back of the class to be in the "paper" condition. In this
experiment seating location is D A
a) a confounding variable
b) the independent variable
c) an operational definition
d) the dependent variable
12. Only __________ involve the manipulation of independent variables C
a) correlational studies
b) case studies
c) experiments
d) studies using naturalistic observation
13. In psychological research, the term generalization refers to B C
a) adding the results from one study to those from other studies
b) obtaining a broad understanding of how different variables are related to each other
c) concluding that the results obtained from a sample can also be applied to the larger population
d) how significant the results of the statistical analysis are
14. Mean is to __________ as standard deviation is to __________. C D
a) descriptive statistics; inferential statistics
b) variability; relations
c) central tendency; variability
d) inferential statistics; descriptive statistics
15. Suppose a researcher finds a correlation between the amount of time university students spend on Facebook (variable
A) and the students grades (variable B). The researcher can reasonably conclude: D
a) that variable A influences variable B
b) that variable B influences variable A
c) that some unknown variable is affecting variable A and variable B
d) none of the above
16. Inferential statistics are useful in telling researchers whether the results of their experiments are D B
a) affected by confounding variables
b) due to chance
c) important
d) correlated with the results from other research
17. Suppose that you conduct an experiment to study the effects of love on improving children's self concepts. To
manipulate love, you allow a research assistant to hug each child after he or she has successfully completed a set of math
problems. After the study is over, you ask the children if they felt loved during the study. They all say no. Apparently, your
operational definition of your independent variable is D
a) not objective
b) unreliable
c) too subjective
d) invalid
18. A researcher has two groups of subjects- one that has been taught a memory aid and one that has not. Both groups are
asked to learn a list of 20 nouns in two minutes, and both are then given a recall test. What is the independent variable?
a) participants' scores on the recall test D
b) the number of words
c) the amount of time participants took to complete the recall test
d) whether or not the participants have been taught the memory aid
19. Minor deception may be permitted in research providing there is __________ and __________. D
a) monetary remuneration; prior informed consent
b) no forseeable harm; there is a full debriefing
c) no confounding; information is confidential
d) prior informed consent; no forseeable harm
20. The first step of the scientific method specifies that a researcher D
a) design the study
b) collect the data for the study

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c) determine the subjects he/she would like to use in the experiment
d) formulate a hypothesis
Lesson 3-4
1. A recessive allele will influence the expression of a trait only when it: C
a) is paired with a dominant, but weak allele
b) forms a heterozygous gene combination with another recessive allele
c) is paired with another recessive allele
d) forms a homozygous gene combination with a dominant allele
2. Concordance is the degree to which two people: B A
a) share the same phenotype
b) share the same genotype
c) share the same environment.
d) are biologically related
3. Most traits and disorders are caused by: D
a) multiple genes (polygenic)
b)a single gene and the environment
c) a single gene
d) multiple genes and the environment
4. Natural selection has favoured species that reproduce sexually because sexual reproduction: B
a) pleasurable, which is reinforcing
b) leads to genetic diversity, which is adaptive
c) produces organisms that have the capacity for thinking and language
d) leads to a longer life span and more variability in behaviour
5. An organism's phenotype is the result of: D
a) the influence of environmental influences and experiences
b) its genotype
c) the reproductive success of its parents
d) the interaction of its genotype with the environment
6. The reproductive success of those individuals who share the same genes is called: A
a) Inclusive fitness
b) Kin selection
c) Reciprocal selection
d) Personal fitness
7. Intelligence has a heritability estimate of .50 in a North-American Caucasian population. This means that: D
a) On average, about 50% of the variance in intelligence in any group of people can be explained by genetic inheritance.
b) All Caucasian individuals from North America will show a correlation in IQ scores with their biological parents' IQ scores of
about .50.
c) All Caucasian individuals from North America will show a correlation in IQ scores with their adoptive parents' IQ scores of
about .50.
d) On average, about 50% of the variance in intelligence in a group of Caucasian-Canadians can be explained by genetic
8. Altruistic behaviour toward non-relatives can be explained by C
a) Inclusive fitness
b) Nonfamilial altruism
c) Reciprocal altruism
d) Personal fitness
9. The fact that male peacocks have evolved large tail feathers even though large feathers appear to be an impediment to
survival is best explained by: C
a) Large feathers can be used to protect the nest
b) Evolution through natural selection
c) Evolution through sexual selection
d) Genetic drift
10, Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding human sexual behaviour? B
a) Human sexual behaviour is subject to strong cultural influences
b) Unmarried women tend to seek casual sexual relationships
c) Men are more likely to seek diversity in their sexual relationships than women
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