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Midterm

CRM 102 Midterm: CRM WEEK 7 EXAM NOTES
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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM 102
Professor
Kelly De Luca
Semester
Winter

Description
CRM 102 WEEK 7 (chapter 10,11) Two basic approaches o Conflict perspective: inequality in society o Consensus perspective: laws represent majority of the people. Statistical school th o 19 century o Looked at environmental factors rather than individual (pop. Density, education, poverty) Durkheim o Anomie Lack of the usual social or ethical standards in an individual or group Often defined as sense of normlessness o Deviance People who violate rules Merton: strain o Doesnt help explain low crime rate for females o Social structure: pattered and stable arrangement of roles and statuses found within societies and social institutions o High priority on selfinterest values like wealth and power o Culturally prescribed aspiration: rejection of notion that aspirations are selfcreated, rather they are defined by culture and transmitted by other members of society o Gap between things Why do men commit more crimes than women Society gender roles o Selfenhancing: personal success putting emphasis on social status Individual goals How do we respond to socially defined roles Conformists: those who follow rules Rebels: those who are deviant but not necessarily criminal Innovators: those who find creative ways of doing thigs i.e. rob bank to buy house o selftranscending: welfare of others putting emphasis on appreciation how much do we care about others o those who have more power are punished less o provides us with ideas about how to reduce harm caused by privileged people o focused on opportunity structures shaped by the way societyinstitution is structured Sutherland says that criminal behaviour is learned by associating with other criminals o relative deprivation: deprivation in relation to others around you o absolute deprivation: inability to sustain oneself, physically and materially
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