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HST 702 Final: CHST 702 Final Exam Study Guide

5 Pages

Course Code
HST 702
Steven Bunn

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CHST 702 Final Exam Value: 25% Part I: Short Answer (20 Marks): Chapter 7 - Sir Sam Hughes o Minister of Defense o Developed multiple of weapons for the first world war - The Battle of Vimy Ridge o The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a military engagement fought primarily part of the Battle of Arras in April 9 1917 between German and Canada o Particularly important tactical feature. Its capture by the Canadian was essential to the advance by the British Third Army to the south and of exceptional important to checking the German attacks in the area in 1918 o The victory at Vimy was a defining event for Canada, considered by many contemporaries and alter scholars to be a significant event in Canada progress to full independence from Britain - The Conscription Crisis of 1917 o Was a political and military crisis in Canada during WWI. It was mainly caused by disagreement on whether men should be conscripted to fight in war o Which created the Military Service act on August 29, 1917 that allows the government to conscript men across the country o Attempted to restrict exemptions in 1918 leads to massive social unrest - The Halifax Explosion 1917 o A Collison of ammunition-carrying ships in Halifax Harbor on December 1917, that was believed to be a German attack conducted by a German spy Chapter 8 - The Red Baron o Most successful fighter pilot of the WWI o He was credited with 80 kills before being shot down - The Naval War o Civil War raged on the land, the two national navies – Union and Confederate created another war on the water o President Lincoln declared a blockade of the southern coasts to cut off southern trade with the outside world and prevent sale of the Confederacy’s major crop, cotton - RMS Lusitania o British ocean liner that German submarine sank in WWI, causing a major diplomatic uproar o Significant role in turning public opinion against Germany, both in the United States and abroad which eventually brought United States into the war - The Zimmerman Telegram o A telegram from German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann to the German Minister of Mexico, offering United States territory to Mexico in return for joining the German cause o This is significant because it drew the United States into the war since the United Stated wanted to protect their properties from Mexico thus resulting in Germany’s defeat in the First World War. - The Nivelle Offensive o Was a Franco-British offensive on the Western Front in the First World War. The French part of the offensive was intended to be strategically decisive, by breaking through the German defenses on the Aisne within 48 hours o Significant - The Assassination of Rasputin o He was assassinated by the British intelligence. This event was significant because British was worried that Rasputin will convince the Romanovs to drop out of the war which might impact the imperial powers arm force - Operational Michael o Major German military offensive during the First World War which launched from the Hindenburg line. Its goal was to break through the Allied lines and advance in north westerly direction to seize the channel port which supplied the British Expeditionary Face and to drive the BEF into the sea. o This battle was significant because the German could reduce the Allies’ manpower and equipment, however Germans were urdble to replace the number lost and failed to dislodged Byng’s 3 army in the where the British enjoyed stronger defense and the advantage of terrain - Operational Georgette o With the objective of capturing Ypres, forcing the British forces back to the channel ports and out of the war. o The significant of this battle cost the German dearly in terms of men lost. While the arrival of thousands of US troops boosted Allied manpower, the German could not afford such losses despite men arriving from the Eastern Front, which eventually result in Allies victory. nd - 2 Battle of the Marne o Was the last major German offensive on the Western Front during the First World War. The attacked failed when an Allied counterattack by French and American forces. o The battle is significant because the German defeat marked the start of the relentless Allied advance which culminated in the Armistice with Germany about 100 days later - Paris Peace Conference o The meeting of the Allied victor, following the end of World War 1 to set the peace terms for the defeat Central power diplomates from more than 32 countries and nationalities o This is significant because it the first major peace conference since the Congress of Vienna, involving international democracies - The Big Four o USA ▪ Woodrow Wilson ▪ American idealism and a new world order o France ▪ Make Germany pay, keep Germany down, ensure French Security for the future o Britain ▪ Build a nation fit for heroes, squeeze Germany until the pips squeak, protect/expand the British Empire o Italy ▪ Italy’s war, the mutilated victory, terri
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