Occupiers' Liability Act
1. In this Act,
(a) a person who is in physical possession of premises, or
(b) a person who has responsibility for and control over the condition of premises or the activities there
carried on, or control over persons allowed to enter the premises,
despite the fact that there is more than one occupier of the same premises; ("occupant")
"premises" means lands and structures, or either of them, and includes,
(b) ships and vessels,
(c) trailers and portable structures designed or used for residence, business or shelter,
(d) trains, railway cars, vehicles and aircraft, except while in operation. ("lieux") R.S.O. 1990, c. O.2, s. 1.
Common law duty of care superseded
2. Subject to section 9, this Act applies in place of the rules of the common law that determine the care that
the occupier of premises at common law is required to show for the purpose of determining the occupier's
liability in law in respect of dangers to persons entering on the premises or the property brought on the
premises by those persons. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.2, s. 2.
3. (1) An occupier of premises owes a duty to take such care as in all the circumstances of the case is
reasonable to see that persons entering on the premises, and the property brought on the premises by those
persons are reasonably safe while on the premises.
(2) The duty of care provided for in subsection (1) applies whether the danger is caused by the condition of
the premises or by an activity carried on on the premises.
(3) The duty of care provided for in subsection (1) applies except in so far as the occupier of premises is free
to and does restrict, modify or exclude the occupier's duty. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.2, s. 3.
Risks willingly assumed
4. (1) The duty of care provided for in subsection 3 (1) does not apply in respect of risks willingly assumed
by the person who enters on the premises, but in that case the occupier owes a duty to the person to not create
a danger with the deliberate intent of doing harm or damage to the person or his or her property and to not act
with reckless disregard of the presence of the person or his or her property.
(2) A person who is on premises with the intention of committing, or in the commission of, a criminal act
shall be deemed to have willingly assumed all risks and is subject to the duty of care set out in subsection (1). Trespass and permitted recreational activity
Restriction of duty or liability
5. (1) The duty of an occupier under this Act, or the occupier's liability for breach thereof, shall not be
restricted or excluded by any contract to which the person to whom the duty is owed is not a party, whether
or not the occupier is bound by the contract to permit such person to enter or use the premises.
Extension of liability by contract