PSY 302 Study Guide - Final Guide: Fluid And Crystallized Intelligence, Transhumanism, Intraparietal Sulcus

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Published on 21 Apr 2020
School
Ryerson University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 302
Professor
1. Binet postulated that intelligence:
1. A) consists of factual knowledge about the world.
2. B) develops with age, and thus there are few differences among same-age
individuals.
3. C) is composed of high-level abilities.
4. D) is not associated with everyday matters, such as school performance.
2. Binet's approach to intelligence has persuaded the field of child development to:
1. A) concentrate on the effect of race on intelligence.
2. B) examine age-related changes more carefully.
3. C) study the influences of nature versus nurture.
4. D) focus on individual differences.
3. The type of intelligence that is hypothesized to influence people's ability to think and
learn on all intellectual tasks is referred to as _____ intelligence.
A) fluid
B) practical
C) crystallized D) general
4. Which piece of evidence does NOT support the existence of g?
1. A) Some tests of intelligence increase steadily with age, whereas others do not.
2. B) Overall scores on intelligence tests correlate positively with achievement test
scores.
3. C) Intelligence tests correlate with people's knowledge of subjects they have not
studied in school.
4. D) Children who do well on one intellectual task tend to do well on other
intellectual
tasks.
5. The ability to think on the spot is referred to as _____ intelligence. A) fluid
B) general
C) practical D) crystallized
6. Tests of fluid intelligence:
1. A) peak in old age.
2. B) correlate more highly with tests of factual knowledge about the world than
they do
with the ability to draw inferences.
3. C) include knowledge about geometric facts.
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4. D) have a different developmental course than tests of crystallized intelligence.
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7. Crystallized intelligence refers to:
1. A) the ability to think and learn on all intellectual tasks.
2. B) factual knowledge about the world.
3. C) the ability to think on the spot.
4. D) individuals' memory span.
8. Crystallized intelligence includes which skill?
1. A) speed of neural transmission in the brain
2. B) ability to determine the next item in a sequence
3. C) knowledge of the periodic table
4. D) capacity to solve novel puzzles
9. Which statement supports the distinction between fluid and crystalized intelligence?
1. A) Knowledge of word meanings is correlated with knowledge of arithmetic
problems
to a higher degree than to speed of information processing.
2. B) Intelligence tests correlate with people's knowledge of subjects they have not
studied in school.
3. C) Children who do well on one intellectual task tend to do well on other
intellectual
tasks.
4. D) Speed of neural transmission is positively correlated with brain volume.
10. Thurstone portrayed intelligence as involving:
1. A) g.
2. B) fluid and crystallized intelligence.
3. C) seven primary mental abilities.
4. D) 22 tertiary abilities.
11. Thurstone's primary mental abilities do NOT include:
1. A) verbal meaning.
2. B) picture completion.
3. C) spatial visualization.
4. D) rote memory.
12. Which view of intelligence hypothesizes intelligence as comprising numerous distinct
processes?
A) Thurstone
B) Simon
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C) nativist
D) information-processing
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13. Carroll proposed the _____ theory of intelligence.
1. A) multiple intelligences
2. B) primary mental abilities
3. C) g
4. D) three-stratum
14. According to Carroll's integration of theories of intelligence, which properties influence a
person's skill at a particular type of problem?
1. A) fluid and crystallized intelligence
2. B) g, moderately general abilities, and specific processes
3. C) general intelligence
4. D) primary mental abilities
15. Carroll's proposed resolution to the various theories of intelligence involves a:
1. A) focus on the differentiation between knowledge and capacity.
2. B) proposal to include additional abilities, such as social understanding and
knowledge of one's strengths and weaknesses.
3. C) hierarchical model of intellectual ability and processes.
4. D) all of these.
16. Intelligence can be described as:
1. A) a single trait.
2. B) a few abilities.
3. C) many processes.
4. D) difficult to define.
17. Measurements of intelligence directly measure:
1. A) behavior on tasks that require intelligence.
2. B) capacity to think and learn.
3. C) both behavior on tasks that require intelligence and capacity to think and
learn.
4. D) neither behavior on tasks that require intelligence nor capacity to think and
learn.
18. Intelligence tests are BEST used with children who are at least _____ old.
1. A) 6 months
2. B) 5 years
3. C) 2 years
4. D) 10 years
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19. The MOST commonly used intelligence test for children age 6 and older is the:
1. A) StanfordBinet Intelligence Test for Children.
2. B) BinetSimon Intelligence Test.
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Document Summary

Page 5: iq score is not a strong predictor of success in the _____ domain. Iq score is taken into account: c) more occupational success than do others, and this effect remains even once. Statement a: among people with comparable iq scores, those who complete more years of education earn more money. Nancy is also in 8th grade and is 13 years, 7 months old. Trina is in 9th grade and is 13 years, 8 months old. African american child, and few african american children have iq scores higher than those of the average european american child: d) there are no differences in the iq scores of african american and european. A) linguistic: logical-mathematical c) spatial, musical, a scientist is most likely to have a high level of _____ intelligence. A) linguistic: logical-mathematical c) spatial, musical, george has been an engineer his entire life. He is most likely to have a high level of.

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