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Ryerson University
SOC 885
Amina Jamal

Final Exam Review: Sufism: -discussed in Chittick’s article -it is widely misunderstood, it is not simply a modern version of Islam or a breakaway faction of Islam -Sufism = the spiritual, interior or mystical aspect of Islam -Chititck argues that Sufism ideas are derived from the Quran and hadith -watched film Sufi Soul; focuses on the music of Islam, gives historical and sociological background Polygyny: -discussed by Barla -it is a form of marriage in which a man had 2 or more wives at the same time -in 1990’s, ender discourses among Muslim groups weren’t equal, Muslim groups developed conservative understandings of gender, they promoted polygamous marriages  Questions raised for women regarding their careers  Urged women to cover entire body -many majority Muslim countries retain the traditional Sharia which interprets teachings of the Quran to permit polygamy with up to 4 wives, as long as it is practiced under specified conditions Patriarchy (broad): -discussed by Barla -it is the politics of sexual differentiation that privileges males by transforming biological sex into sexualized gender that prioritizes the male and makes the women different -difference does not mean inequality Patriarchy (narrow): -discussed by Barla -refers to a specific mode of rule by father -in its religious and traditional forms, it assumes a real symbolic confirmation between the father/father,  represents god as father or by representing the father or husband as a ruler over his wife and children Misogyny: -discussed by Barla -refers to the general hatred of women - can be manifested in numerous ways including sexual discrimination, violence against women and abuse -she used this term to describe how the Quran is sometimes read Jamaat - e - Islami: -used in Jamal’s article -it is a party that is considered to be one of the key transnational movements of Islamic modernism and reform - founded in pre-Partition India in 1941 by Maulana Abul Ala Maududi -the party cannot be considered anti-modern or pre-modern, it needs to seen as attempt to bring into existence a new relationship with colonial, western, modernity -party has a wide appeal among Muslim men and women such as in Europe, U.K, and North America - focuses on the abandonment of the pastIslamic Feminism: -discussed in Jamal’s article -the term became popular after the Iranian Revolution 1979 -basic argument is that the Quran affirms the principle of equalit
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