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Study Guide

[BPK 140] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 112 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Biomedical Physio & Kines
Course Code
BPK 140
Professor
Diana Bedoya
Study Guide
Final

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SFU
BPK 140
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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BPK140
Chapter One: The Concepts of Health
Difference between HEALTH and WELLNESS?
Health: your individual state of being
Wellness: the way that you live your life (that positively improves your health)
What is HEALTH?
World Health Organization:
Health is the oplete state of physial, etal, soial ell-being, and not merely the absence of
disease of ifirity
a resoure for eeryday life, ot the ojetie of liig. Health is a positie oept ephasizig soial
and personal resources, as ell as physial apaities.
*Quotes may be MCQ on exam*
- Is there a single measurement of population or individual health? A: No. But, there are
indicators of health: life expectancy, infant mortality rate.
Life Expectancy
*know the general trends, not the numbers.
- General Trends
o Life expectancy has increased over the years
o Women tend to have a longer life expectancy than men
- There is ofte ore tha oe reaso for hy, there is ot just oe siplisti aser.
Infant Mortality Rates in Canada
- Rate: 5.1/100 infants
- Noticeable information on the graph: Nunavut has the highest rate of infant mortality
o For several different reasons, there is not just one singular rate.
o Remember the indicators of health do not solely represent the indicators of health
Highest Infant Mortality Rates in the World
- Angola has the highest infant mortality rate in the world. (100/1000 infants)
Top 10 Causes of Death in Canada
- *Note: HIV/AIDs is not included in the top 10 list.
1. Malignant neoplasms (cancer)
2. Diseases of heart (heart disease)
3. Cardiovascular diseases (stroke)
4. Chronic lower respiratory diseases
5. Accidents (unintentional injuries)
6. Diabetes mellitus
7. Alzheier’s disease
8. Influenza and pneumonia
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9. Intentional self-harm
10. Nephritis nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis (kidney disease)
Different Health Models (views)
- Medical/illness model if you’re ot sik, you’re healthy
o Health is viewed as the absence of a disease.
You go to the doctor when you have sign/symptoms of diseases
SIGNS = something you see.
SYMPTOMS = something you feel
The doctor is responsible for your health, which is achieved through treatment.
o The GOAL is to prevent morbidity and morality.
o Mechanistic model: fouses o the disorder rather tha the perso…
o Argument: doctors can be facilitators for your health
- Risk factor model health through prevention of illess
o Unlike illness model, focuses on the prevention instead of treatment, and empowers the
person to be responsible for their own health
o Relates MAIN causes of mortality in a population to known risk factors
o At your individual level, it is your own responsibility to change your health behaviours
and decisions to reduce risk of diseases
o At the population level¸ health promoters can target high risk groups and focus on
prevention and/or early detection
o Physicians, or etc, can act as a resource to raise awareness and give information of the
risk factors. (ex. Giving condoms, educating people)
- Holistic model health through eiroet
o This view goes beyond the previous two models.
o Takes an ecological approach where a person is best understood of their environments:
Genetics
Example: you may live a very healthy life, but your genetics may
negatively affect you
Politics
Example: Different politicians can change access to health care (like
planned parenthood, for example)
Example: Food inspection, how clean the water is
Social factors/Social economic determinants of health
Example: Employment status and occupation
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