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BPK 140 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Health Promotion, Medical Corps, Food Security


Biomedical Physio & Kines
Course Code
BPK 140
Distance Education
Study Guide

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Holism = the first nations medicine wheel
4 aspects of health: 1. Mental 2. Spiritual 3. Emotional 4. Physical
4 fundamental values: 1. Honesty 2. Strength 3. Sharing 4. Kindness
WHO definition of health:
Health= a complete state of physical, mental and social well being. Not just the absence
of disease or infirmity -1948
Health= A resource for everyday life, not just the objective of living. Health is a positive
concept emphasizing social and personal resources and physical capacities
More a state than a process
What are Health models:
Model means a way of representation
They are a representation of a concept
Medical Model of Health:
Historically it predominated
Goal is to prevent mortality and morbidity
Health is viewed as the absence of disease
Signs = something visible
Symptoms= something you can feel
Health Promotion:
The process of enabling people to 1. increase control over their health and 2. To
improve it
What does it involve:
Community support
Knowledge translation
Healthy public policy
Supportive environments
What are the 3 nation health challenges:
Reducing inequities
Increasing prevention network
Enhancing peoples capacity to cope
What are the 3 mechanisms to health promotion:
Self Care
Mutual aid
Healthy environment
Quality of life model:
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-Physical Being (Physical Health)
-Psychological Being (Mental Health)
-Spiritual Being (Personal Values and Beliefs)
- Physical Belonging (Part of a community)
- Social Belonging (Having friends and family)
-Community Belonging (Part of an educational program)
-Practical Becoming (School or volunteer work)
-Leisure Becoming (Activity to promote relaxation)
-Growth Becoming (Adapting to change
How to determine health:
Chance (lifestyle decisions)
Chance (ethnicity, age, gender, hereditary(genetics))
Circumstances (work environment, neighborhood)
What Is wellness:
A dynamic process of continually moving forward toward ones full potential of optimal
More of a process than a state
What are the dimensions of wellness:
Occupational (personal fulfillment in ones’ work environment)
Social (Having relations with friends and family, interacting with people)
Environmental (contributing to your environmental in a positive way)
Physical (living a healthy and active life)
Spiritual (having your own beliefs and values)
Intellectual (Being open to new ideas and new experiences)
Diagram for the wellness model
What are the social determinants of health:
Income inequity
Education care (and early life)
Housing and food security
Social exclusion
Job security and workplace conditions
How to improve socioeconomic determinants of health:
Reduced income disparities
High quality and public education
Adequate housing and food
Increase social inclusion
Full employment, job security and healthy workplace conditions
What are the factors that shape behavior change:
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Predisposing factors
-belief and values
Enabling factors
-physical/mental capabilities
Reinforced factors
- praise from others
Change comes from setting a goal!
Make sure your goal is S.M.A.R.T (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, traceable)
Psychological Factors in that improve likelihood behavioral change:
Self efficiency (the belief in your ability to achieve your goal)
Internal locus of control (belief that your behavior is under your control opposed to
external factors
Internal positive reinforcement (not waiting for others or external reinforcement to
influence your behavior. Rewarding your positive choices with self compliments
Self talk (encouraging comments to self)
Low black/white (dichotomous) thinking (not believing that your day was good/bad or
the food was good.bad)
Social support
Stages of Change
Precontemplation (consciousness)  Contemplation(self evaltuation) 
Preparation(commitment)  Action  Maintenance  Termination (rewards,countering,
environmental control, helping relationships)
Five principles(Canadian Health Act)
Public Administration: must be administered on a non-profit basis.
Comprehensiveness: Health-care plans must cover all insured services
provided by hospitals/physicians and dental service in a hospital
Universality: residents are entitled to any insured health services
provided in their province or territory.
Portability: if a Canadian resident moves to another province/
territory the old one must cover services until the waiting period is up
in the new one.
Accessibility: Access must be provided when and where available. No
discrimination based on age, health or finances
Medical Rights
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