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[PSYC 100] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (40 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 100
Professor
Russell Day
Study Guide
Final

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SFU
PSYC 100
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Psychology: The Evolution of a Science
(September 6 September 13)
Psychology is: the scientific study of behaviour and the mind:
Requires to “infer the mind” Intangible
Mind = internal unseen processes
Dualism (separate mind & spirit) vs. monism (whole idea)
o The science of behaviour and mental processes
7 themes (3 directly about psychology):
Psychology is empirical (make conclusions that are supported by empirical evidence)
Psychology is theoretically diverse (can be tested, psych not yet unified)
Psychology evolves in a sociohistorical context (has to have context)
4 other themes:
Behaviour is determined by multiple causes (multiple reasons make up behavior)
Our behaviour is shaped by our environment and cultural heritage (behaviour shaped by
across cultures as well as own cultures, raised differently)
Our experience of the world is highly subjective (views are unique to each of
us/perspectives)
Heredity and environment jointly influences behaviour (Nature vs Nurture)
Why might it be useful to have multiple theoretical perspectives in Psychology?
Why are the theoretical perspectives necessary to a scientific approach to studying human
behavior?
6 Theoretical perspectives of human behaviour:
Psychodynamic:
o Sigmund Freud The unconscious, we’re motivated by drives
Aggression, sex, etc.
ID, EGO, SUPEREGO Childhood experiences influence us
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Drives would influence our perspectives of “Original Sin/Basic Goodness”
Societies job to “shape people” b/c we come in “evil”
Humanist:
o Maslow & Rogers People motivated towards growth and self- actualization,
climb to become better, but barriers prevent us from climbing
Positive psychology movement
Behaviourist:
o Watson Since we can only “see” behaviour, can only study
o Skinner environment is everything
o Albert Bandura’s cognitive behaviorism
Putting actions along with words (learning from models, doesn’t have to
learn for themselves, “putting yourself in another’s shoes) ex. Doesn’t
have to get shot to know it hurts if witnessed from another
Cognitive:
o Humans as rational “problem solvers”
Structuralism
Functionalism (how to learn the skills that helps adapt to the
environment)
Gestalt Psych (pointed out how both S&F isolated from the context. Ex
natural environment)
o Piaget - children have different cognitive ability, moves from egoist to understanding
others
Sociocultural:
o Context (Social Psychology)
o Norms
o Individualism/ Collectivism
Individual culture Your choices lead to your fate, may it be good or bad
Collectivism culture Your choices affect your surrounding people
o Culture (Can influence behaviour)
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