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PSYC 2200H- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 46 pages long!)
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46 Pages
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Fall 2017

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2200H
Professor
Fournier Neil
Study Guide
Final

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Trent
PSYC 2200H
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Lecture 1- September 12, 2017
Neil M. Fournier, Ph.D
Foundations in Neuroanatomy: The Geography of the Mind
Human Brain Most Complex Structure in the Universe
- (includes genetic code, computer central processing units, molecules)
- Volume of human brain 1300 cm^3 or 1300 cc
- Width of a nerve cell 10 µm or 10 x 10^-6 m
- 100 billion nerve cells (10^11)
o Scientific notation
o 100 = 10^2
o 1000 = 10^3
o 10 = 10^1
- ~10^3-10^4 connections per neuron
o 10^11 x 10^3 = 10^14
- Unique connectivity
- Your brains are pretty identical
o differences are represented in unique differences in connectivity
The Brain Maps Everything in the Universe
- Our receptors are not able to see many electromagnetic fields (ex. infrared ad ultraviolet)
- Of all the information you are experiencing, you are only aware of a small amount of it
Understanding Brain Function
- If you understand the hepatocyte, you understand liver function
- If you understand the nephron, you understand kidney function
- If you understand the neuron, you do not understand brain function (yet)
- Dopamine is released when you see a pleasurable stimulus
Brain and Behaviour Logical Approaches to Learning
1. Phylogeny (brain evolution)
2. Ontogeny (brain development)
3. Function (brain physiology and behaviour)
4. Dysfunction (brain disorders)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Nervous System
Peripheral Central (brain and spinal cord)
Autonomic (controls Somatic (controls
self-regulated action voluntary movements of
of internal organs and skeletal muscles
glands
Sympathetic Parasympathetic
(arousing) (calming)
Central Nervous System
- Nuclei- Collection of cell bodies
- Tracts- Collections of axons
o Spinothalamic tract
Prefix of the word is where it starts
Suffix of the word is where it ends
Starts at the spinal cord and goes to the thalamus
o Corticothalamic
Starts at the cortex and goes to the thalamus
Peripheral Nervous System
- Ganglia- Collection of cell bodies
- Nerves- Collection of axons
Human Brain
- White Matter
o Contains a lot of cholesterol
o Contains the axons/connections (going to the cortex or leaving the cortex)
o Patients with MS have damages in the white matter of their brain
- Grey Matter
o Contains the cell bodies
o Neurons in the cerebral cortex
o 3-5mm thick
More Terminology
- Afferents carry impulses to a struture AFF-ecting somethig
- Efferents carry impulses away from a structure
o Eaple 1: Whe ou taste, taste us reeptors sed ipulses afferets that reah
your brain
- Meninges- cushions/protects the brain
o Three major comparts
o Skull, Dura mater, Arachnoid mater, and Pia mater
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

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Description
[PSYC 2200H] Comprehensive fall guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com Lecture 1- September 12, 2017 Neil M. Fournier, Ph.D Foundations in Neuroanatomy: The Geography of the Mind Human Brain – Most Complex Structure in the Universe - (includes genetic code, computer central processing units, molecules) - Volume of human brain 1300 cm^3 or 1300 cc - Width of a nerve cell 10 µm or 10 x 10^-6 m - 100 billion nerve cells (10^11) o Scientific notation o 100 = 10^2 o 1000 = 10^3 o 10 = 10^1 - ~10^3-10^4 connections per neuron o 10^11 x 10^3 = 10^14 - Unique connectivity - Your brains are pretty identical o differences are represented in unique differences in connectivity The Brain Maps Everything in the Universe - Our receptors are not able to see many electromagnetic fields (ex. infrared ad ultraviolet) - Of all the information you are experiencing, you are only aware of a small amount of it Understanding Brain Function - If you understand the hepatocyte, you understand liver function - If you understand the nephron, you understand kidney function - If you understand the neuron, you do not understand brain function (yet) - Dopamine is released when you see a pleasurable stimulus Brain and Behaviour – Logical Approaches to Learning 1. Phylogeny (brain evolution) 2. Ontogeny (brain development) 3. Function (brain physiology and behaviour) 4. Dysfunction (brain disorders) find more resources at oneclass.com
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