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BIOL 1010 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Cellular Respiration, Sister Chromatids, Semipermeable Membrane

Course Code
BIOL 1010
Igor Kovalchuk
Study Guide

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Biology Midterm II
1. What is the H+ gradiaent across the mitochondrial membrane called?
a) Proton-motive force
2. Summarize input, output and net of cellular respiration
a) Input: Glucose, 6O2 Output: 6O2, 6H2O, 38 ATP
3. Summarize input, output and net of dark reaction of photosynthesis
a) Input: 3CO2, 3 RuBP, rubisco, 9ATP, 6NADPH
Output: 6G3P, 9ADP, 6 NADP+
4. Describe input, output and net of electron transport chain
a) Input 10NADH, 2FADH2, 34 ADP 6O2
Output 10NAD+ 2FADH2+ 34 ATP
5. List 6 main functions of transmembrane proteins
a) .
6. Oxidation- partial or complete gain of electrons
a) False
7. Meiosis is the division of somatic cells
a) False
8. Leaves have green color because they absorb green spectrum of visible light
a) False
9. FADH2 has less energy then NADH
a) True
10. A chemical reaction that has a positive delta G is correctly described as
a) Endergonic
11. Two similar-sized animal cells are placed in a 0.5% sucrose solution. Cell A
enlarges in size for a while then stops; cell B continues to enlarge and finally
ruptures. Which of the following was true as the beginning of the
a) Cell B was hypertonic to cell A.
12. Cellular respiration can be best described as
a) Taking electrons from food and giving them to oxygen to make water,
and using the energy released to make ATP
13. The following question refers to essential step in meiosis described below.
1. Formation of four nuclei, each with half the chromosomes present
in the parental nucleus
2. Alignment of tetrads at the metaphase plate
3. Separation of sister chromatids
4. Separation of the homologous; no coupling of the centromere
5. Synapsis; chromosomes moving to the middle of the cell in pairs
a) 5-2-4-3-1
14. Osmosis is :
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