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Midterm Review Notes An entire summary of the fundamentals of classical music, important elements of music and theory, major composers, and details of historical periods discussed in the textbook and lectures. Although textbook editions may change, the P

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Sandy Thorburn

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Music Textbook Midterm NotesChapter 1IntroductionIn some cultures music is passed down through written records that stretch back thousands of yearsOther forms of music are studied through oral performancesSacrosanctsacredMusic is in a constant state of changeGreatest influence on music around the world is that exerted by Western classical and popular musicMusic is a reflection of the society that makes itMusic is not a universal language it is a universallike language as it distinguishes us as humansMusic as a Reflection of SocietyIn the US classical music is treated as an Elitist activityPerformances are very formal audiences are polite and listen silentlySociety treats music of the past with great reverenceMost music that is performed today is between 100250 years oldWomen are becoming more accepted in society as composersmusiciansOutside of Opera women were rarely seen on the classical stageThe way music functions in a society is an important indicator of how that society is formedoperatesChapter 2What is MusicMusicHumanly organized sound deliberate organization by people for other people to hearElements of MusicComposers rely on certain basic organizing principles3 Basic ElementsMelody Rhythm HarmonyMelodyMelodic Motiondescribes the way the music moves from note to noteMost melodies consist of steps leaps and repeated notesThe distinctive quality of a melody is a combination of thesePhrasea melodic section in a pieceMusical phrase is defined by a pause at the endShapean important element of melody if drawn the visual representation of connecting notesMusical Formthe organizing structure of a composition
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