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Midterm

NUTR480 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Caffeine, Glycemic Index, Fructose


Department
Nutrition
Course Code
NUTR480
Professor
Heidi Bates
Study Guide
Midterm

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Midterm 1 Notes
February-04-12
3:41 PM
Sport Medicine
Sport medicine: A multidisciplinary approach to HC for those
seriously involved in exercise or sport; to help them achieve
OPTIMAL HEALTH and PERFORMANCE goals
Injury prevention: Sport physician, physical therapy, and training
Human performance: Exercise physiology/training,
biomechanics/training, psychology, nutrition, massage therapy
Circle of care: Health and PA professionals that are involved in
the care of the athlete
A tailored approach
Work as a team, coordinate care, share information
o Parents: Should maintain open communication, involve
them on the team in implementation of strategies
o Team doctor: specializes in sport medicine, determines
whether they are fit to participate, refers to other
professionals for RX or clearance
o Family doctor: has all the health records, better supervise
long-term care and health
o Physical therapist: maintain physical performance and
ability to fxn independently, manage pain or impairments
or diabilities
o Chiropractor: diagnose and RX and prevention of
neuromusculoskeletal system, emphasis on manual
therapies
o Athletic therapist: emergency on-site care of
musculoskeletal injuries, facilitate a safe return to
participation, help to prevent injury
o Massage therapist: assess and RX soft tissue and joints,
relieve pain and symptoms of stress, for during or after

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injury
o Certified personal trainer: design and implement safe and
effective strength and conditioning programs, may
specialize in some sports
o Sports psychologist: diagnose and RX psychological,
emotional, behavioural disorders, apply theories of
behaviour, provide emotional support
o Sport nutritionist/dietitian: basic nutrient requirements,
peak sport performance, and prevent sport-related
injuries like dehydration
Competent in nutrition metabolism, cooking, sport
science, sport knolwedge, and professional practice
and assessment
Provide:
Assessment of nutritional health
Diet planning advice
Cooking strategies
Weight monitoring
Emotional support and referral (ie. eating
disorders)
Ethical considerations: "first do no harm"
Nutrition recommendations have to be evidence based
Have to do research on the individual and products/strategies
If in doubt, don't give recommendations, or refer to another
professional
Look at practicality, cost, effectiveness
Health is number 1, and appearance and performance are
secondary
Health Screening and Physical Assessment
Why do Health Screening?
Identify medical/nutritional risks to PREVENT ANY PREVENTABLE
HARM and TREAT or MANAGE PRESENT HEALTH CONCERNS

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o Look at safety risks, performance indicators for the team
or individual
o Identify and exclude individuals with medical
contraindications to exercise
o Identify those at increased risk for disease BEFORE
participating
o Identify those who require medical supervision during
sport
You are liable for the information you give, so you should assess
health and needs before giving advice
Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q)
Lookst at cardiovascular and musculoskeletal problems
o Positive response - do the PARmed-X and be examined by
a doctor
Health screening exam
Medical HX
o Chronic disease risk
o Recent illnesses/surgery/hospitalizations
o Orthopedic/joint problems
o Medication/drug use
o Menstrual HX
o Exercise and work HX
o Family health HX
Physical exam
o Vital signs
o Head-to-toe exam for skin/bone/muscle
o 12-lead ECG
o Anthropometrics
o Biochemical lab tests
Nutrition Assessment (ABCD)
Anthropometric data (ht, wt, BMI, body comp, CHANGES IN
WEIGHT)
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