Study Guides (258,518)
CA (124,949)
U of A (2,991)
WGS (3)
WGS101 (3)
Midterm

WGS101 Midterm: Midterm Study Guide

23 Pages
79 Views

Department
Women's and Gender Studies
Course Code
WGS101
Professor
Dr.Meagher

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 23 pages of the document.
1
WGS 101
Study Guide
Exam 1: Oct 18
What does it mean to be a socially acceptable man or woman?
Where do these ideas come from?
o Sut Jhally: through stories
o Movies, books, clothing, social media, patterns around work and careers,
education, magazines, family, friends, relationships, social structures, politics,
advertising, the beauty industry, religion, Disney
Gender
Think of it as a set of stories as to how we see ourselves and others and others
bodies
o A set of ideas that we see intimately
o Impact how we live in the world
o AVOID: saying that certain stories are good or bad
Use sites of struggle instead of good or bad (lean into the nature of
struggle)
o How do stories shape us?
The universe is made of stories, not atoms – American poet Muriel Rukeyser
What are Women’s/Gender Studies?
WGS is an interdisciplinary field of research that:
Argues that gender is a central organizing factor in all societies;
o How does society organize gender?
o (Gender) is not an arbitrary way to divide people, it is to shape/define people
and distribute power
o We should think about others as not only gender but race, class, size,
ethnicity, age, ability, etc.
Vectors of power and privilege
Recognizes that the experiences of women and girls have NOT been addressed in
other scholarly disciplines;
o Women & Gender studies was created by young women scholars, professors,
etc. that were intrigued by the womens movement
Discussed why women are often not discussed in classes related to art
and history, etc.
Classes are usually one sided; only mens perspective and view on the
world are presented
ANDROCENTRIC (andro meaning man)
o )ts fundamental to realize which women we are talking about
Takes feminism as its theoretical and political foundation for understanding
womens and mens lives;
o Feminism has many definitions, many of which contradict one another
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
2
Feminism: for us is a theoretical tool and intellectual resource to help us understand
bh h, haj representations
o Comes from people wanting to challenge what theyve been told and make
new stories
o Feminism encourages transformation
Encourages critical and creative thinking;
o about sex, gender, sexuality, etc.
o challenge the idea that there are men AND women
Are there women and men really?
o Encourages to take a critical eye to every day which requires and encourages
creativity
WGS Education:
Adrienne Rich: American feminist scholar and poet (1929-2012)
o Lesbian feminist theory
Claiming an Education 
Rich insists that students must CLAIM rather than simply absorb and education
Thinking About Gender:
How is gender related to structures of power?
How does our culture organize gender?
What is gender?
Gender Identity: a persons experience of their own gender very personal
Gender Expression: how a person presents themselves in the world
Think about gender as the CULTURAL INTERPRETATION of perceived sexual
difference
Gender is how we make sense of the fact that there are different bodies
Cultural Interpretations of Qualities, Characteristic and Behaviours
Masculinity
Femininity
Assertive • Abusive
Strong
Dominant
Handy
Intelligent
Impulsive
Horny
Unfeeling
Protective
Ambitious
Violent
Domesticity • )rrational
Passivity
Reserved
Nurturing
Fragile
Sexual
Pure
Desirable
Emotional
Pretty
Submissive
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
3
Tall
Provider
Leader
Rough
Athletic
Superior
Competitive
Rich
Messy
Imposing
Successful
Territorial
Polite
Graceful
Weak
Peacemaker
Self-sacrificing
Calculated
Quiet
Bimbo
Empathetic
Slut
Manipulative
Complicated
In observation to the table:
- Most oppose one another
- Most could actually be switched
o Keeping them where they are makes them stereotypes
- Right side is less culturally valued
Masculinity and femininity are categories of gender
We have described a gender system that is characterized by dualism
Dualism: the relationship between two categories defined by opposition and the fact that
they are mutually exclusive
The division of something conceptually into two opposed aspects (OED)
Ex. Mind v. body, sky vs earth, sun vs moon, day vs night, good vs bad, culture vs
nature, rational vs emotional, active vs passive, MASCULINE VS FEMININE
Dualism is the assumption that there are two mutually distinct, mutually
exhaustive systems/substances. 
What is Gender Dualism?
Elizabeth Gross believes dualism is foundational in North American culture
Q: How can we unpack gender dualism?
A: Spreads dualisms apart and add qualities to create a spectrum
MASCULINE
Human, fluid, neutral,
[andro][gyn]ous
FEMINININE
Mind
Soul, heart, experience, love
Body
Sky
Clouds
Earth
Sun
Stars
Moon
Day
Afternoon
Night
Good
Neutral
Bad
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
1 WGS 101 Study Guide Exam 1: Oct 18 What does it mean to be a socially acceptable man or woman? Where do these ideas come from? o Sut Jhally: through stories o Movies, books, clothing, social media, patterns around work and careers, education, magazines, family, friends, relationships, social structures, politics, advertising, the beauty industry, religion, Disney Gender Think of it as a set of stories as to how we see ourselves and others and others bodies o A set of ideas that we see intimately o Impact how we live in the world o AVOID: saying that certain stories are good or bad Use sites of struggle instead of good or bad (lean into the nature of struggle) o How do stories shape us? The universe is made of stories, not atoms American poet Muriel Rukeyser What are Womens/Gender Studies? WGS is an interdisciplinary field of research that: Argues that gender is a central organizing factor in all societies; o How does society organize gender? o (Gender) is not an arbitrary way to divide people, it is to shape/define people and distribute power o We should think about others as not only gender but race, class, size, ethnicity, age, ability, etc. Vectors of power and privilege Recognizes that the experiences of women and girls have NOT been addressed in other scholarly disciplines; o Women & Gender studies was created by young women scholars, professors, etc. that were intrigued by the womens movement Discussed why women are often not discussed in classes related to art and history, etc. Classes are usually one sided; only mens perspective and view on the world are presented ANDROCENTRIC (andro meaning man) o Its fundamental to realize which women we are talking about Takes feminism as its theoretical and political foundation for understanding womens (and mens) lives; o Feminism has many definitions, many of which contradict one another 2 Feminism: for us is a theoretical tool and intellectual resource to help us understand bh h, haj representations o Comes from people wanting to challenge what theyve been told and make new stories o Feminism encourages transformation Encourages critical and creative thinking; o about sex, gender, sexuality, etc. o challenge the idea that there are men AND women Are there women and men really? o Encourages to take a critical eye to every day which requires and encourages creativity WGS Education: Adrienne Rich: American feminist scholar and poet (1929-2012) o Lesbian feminist theory Claiming an Education 1977 Rich insists that students must CLAIM rather than simply absorb and education Thinking About Gender: How is gender related to structures of power? How does our culture organize gender? What is gender? Gender Identity: a persons experience of their own gender (very personal) Gender Expression: how a person presents themselves in the world Think about gender as the CULTURAL INTERPRETATION of perceived sexual difference Gender is how we make sense of the fact that there are different bodies Cultural Interpretations of Qualities, Characteristic and Behaviours Masculinity Femininity Assertive Abusive Domesticity Irrational Strong Passivity Dominant Reserved Handy Nurturing Intelligent Fragile Impulsive Sexual Horny Pure Unfeeling Desirable Protective Emotional Ambitious Pretty Violent Submissive 3 Tall Polite Provider Graceful Leader Weak Rough Peacemaker Athletic Self-sacrificing Superior Calculated Competitive Quiet Rich Bimbo Messy Empathetic Imposing Slut Successful Manipulative Territorial Complicated In observation to the table: - Most oppose one another - Most could actually be switched o Keeping them where they are makes them stereotypes - Right side is less culturally valued Masculinity and femininity are categories of gender We have described a gender system that is characterized by dualism Dualism: the relationship between two categories defined by opposition and the fact that they are mutually exclusive The division of something conceptually into two opposed aspects (OED) Ex. Mind v. body, sky vs earth, sun vs moon, day vs night, good vs bad, culture vs nature, rational vs emotional, active vs passive, MASCULINE VS FEMININE Dualism is the assumption that there are two mutually distinct, mutually exhaustive systems/substances. What is Gender Dualism? Elizabeth Gross believes dualism is foundational in North American culture Q: How can we unpack gender dualism? A: Spreads dualisms apart and add qualities to create a spectrum MASCULINE Human, fluid, neutral, FEMINININE [andro][gyn]ous Mind Soul, heart, experience, loveBody Sky Clouds Earth Sun Stars Moon Day Afternoon Night Good Neutral Bad 4 Culture Nature Rational Moral Emotional Active Passive We should rethink the connections that we take for granted between different dualisms. Gender norms: a set of expectations that shape and regulate gender identity and gender expression sets of cultural rules that lay our behaviours that we are encourages expected to follow Feminism: A Brief Introduction th th 19 and 20 century feminisms: Foundation for understanding womens lives, experiences, futures Tool for understanding how gender is organized Deeply contested term o There is no one feminism Fminisme (origins in French): 19 century in French debates about womens emancipation Hubertine Auclair: first woman to say Je suis une fministe. o Promotes womens suffrage right to vote th 19 century activism was for basic human rights o the right to own property (own anything/keep wage) o the right to divorce o the right to not have sex o the right (for women) to be recognized as legal subjects o the right to vote o the right to be on a jury o the right to call an accuser to account in the legal system o the right to political rights/representation o the right to access to post-secondary education/a higher education By mid 20h century, most rights were achieved o Still most women felt restricted by narrow mindedness o No wage equality Womens movement was related to : the civil rights movement, the gay liberation movement, the peace movement and the American Indian Movement (for aboriginal rights AIM) Types of feminisms: Liberal feminism project to gain equality for women as is (everything equal) Radical feminism dont want equality in the system now because things arent already equal, want something completely now o Cannot fix the system now Marxist feminism anti-capitalist feminism o Class revolution Radical lesbian feminism feminism is the theory, lesbianism is the practice
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit