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CLAS 1000- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 25 pages long!)


Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAS 1000
Professor
John Walsh
Study Guide
Final

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U of G
CLAS 1000
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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A summary of Roman History (I)
4 phases
o myths and legends <753 BCE
foundation
o monarchy 753-509 BCE
when Rome was ruled by kings
o republic 509-27 BCE
500-year republic
(propose and end date for the roman republic)
o principate (empire) 27 BCE 476 CE (west)
in which Rome functioned in various different ways as an empire ruled by
a single emperor
we will use two sources: Ab urbe condita (titus livivs from the founding of the city)
(27-9 BCE)
o beginning of rome is set to 753 BCE
varro = 1 AUC(ab urbe condita)
o our sources are hundred and hundreds of years removed
virgil the Aeneid (a new prose translation) is the national epic of Roman culture
o helps create and justify the roman identity
tells the story of a man driven by faith from Troy to the shores of Italy
(first book)
the man is aeneus
troy ca 1184 BCE in order to understand the romans we need to go back to the Trojan
war
o Trojan war was in the last of ten years
Greeks lead by Agamemnon sailed across the Aegean sea to seize the
walls of troy
In the tenth year by means of deception and treachery, the Greeks sneaked
into the city and created a series of murders
Priam the noble king of the Trojans meets his end
Polyxena (women) weren’t sparred and they too were killed
Astyanax (hectors son) was thrown from troys walls
o Greeks tried to murder everyone, however a small group lead by Aeneus was able
to flee amidst the slaughter
o Young man fleeing with his father and son is none other the son of Venus
(goddess of love)
o Diomedes and Aeneas (iliad book 5) d was about to kill A, the character on the
right is his mother, Venus who is saving him from death
Lares and penates are sacred and divigne
Lararium at the house of the vettii
o Shrine of the household gods
Flees troy and wonder and has a variety of different encounters and adventures.
o Stops at the north shore of Athens at a place called carthage
Welcomed warmly by the queen Dido and aeneas
Reminded of his duty that he has not found rome
Mission of the gods and I must leave, dido is heartbroken
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Aeneid (book 4)
o “rise up from my bones, avenging spirit”
takes his sword, curses him and drives it into herself
books 7-12
aeneas defeats turnus
o must fight a duel
o he kills turnus by marrying a local woman
o having killed turnus he consolidated a kind of treaty by marrying Lavinia
the people value priority of the gods, respect to their family, violence and
treaty and they value duties over their personal opinions
ab urbe condita (livy)
o in the 12th century after the fall of troy, Aeneas alives in Italy and marries Lavinia
400 years later…
numitor and amulius (two brothers)
o descendants of Aeneas
o numitor is good, responsible, wide elder brother
o amulius is the naughty brother who is very bad (the
usurper)
steals the rightful thrown of his brother
o numitor is gone but he leaves behind a daughter (rhea
silvia), this causes amulius to be afraid because she could
give birth to a rightful heir to take the thrown away from
him
to solve his problem he makes her become a vestal
virgin (priesthood in which her virginity must be
maintained)
o mars and rhea silvia
mars god of war, in his lust for her, rapes her
romans seen this in the same vein the rapes
of zeus were seen
she cannot be killed because she is carrying
the war gods child
he decides to kill her children (twins) in a
way that reminds us of the Greek
o he is going to put them in a basket
and set them adrift in the tiber(home
of god tiberinus) river
pharaoh’s daughter finds
moses in the nile
o tiberinus god of the river carries the
babys and takes care of them
drop the babies under a lupa
(she wolf)
she cradled them to her side
and began to nurse them
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