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FRHD 2100 Study Guide - Final Guide: Caudate Nucleus, Philia, Positive Illusions


Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 2100
Professor
Tuuli Kukkonen
Study Guide
Final

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Attraction & Love 12/04/2015
Attraction
The Attraction-Similarity Hypothesis
Holds that people tend to develop romantic relationships with those
whose levels of physical attractiveness and other traits are similar to their
own
Partners tend to resemble us in race, ethnicity, age, education and
religion
Do Opposites Attract?
No we’re less apt to be attracted to people who disagree w our views
Propinquity: we tend to live among & come in contact w those whose
backgrounds are reasonably similar to our own
We’re also drawn to people whose attitudes are similar to our own
key contributor to attraction, friendship & love relationships
Women more likely to place a higher value on similar attitudes as a
determinant of attraction (men more on physical attractiveness)
Tend to assume that people we find attractive share our attitudes
Compatibility seems to be a stronger predictor of maintaining an
intimate relationship
Reciprocity: If you like me, you must have excellent judgment
When we feel admired and complimented, we tend to return the
feelings & behaviours
Potent determinant of attraction
Tend to be much more warm, helpful & candid when we’re with
strangers who seem to like us
Physical Attractiveness: How Important is it to Look Good?
Major determinant of interpersonal and physical attractiveness
Some researchers contend that physical attractiveness is the key
factor in consideration of partners for dates, sex & long-term relationships
Tendency for people to assume attractive people have more socially
desirable personalities and are likely to be happier and more successful than
less attractive people

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Is Beauty in the Eye of the Beholder?
In general, women worldwide consider taller men to be more attractive
suggests social dominance, status, access to resources and a positive
heritable trait
N. American women on avg prefer men who are 15cm taller
Men; women who are 11cm shorter
N. American culture typically likes slenderness attractive
European-American men are more likely than African-American and
Latino-American men to want to date slender, physically fit women
African and latino-American women are also more likely to be satisfied
w their bodies
The hourglass figure is popular in Canada & most other cultures
Body weight, waist size and hip size all interact to influence ratings of
women’s attractiveness
A study showed that women walking during the luteal phase were
judged most attracted (contrary to the belief that they’d be seen as more
attractive when fertile)
Lesbians & bisexual women’s ratings of body type were similar to
heterosexuals’ (small waist) BUT chose heavy women w small waist and
large breasts as their first choice
Same body type but w small breasts was the 2nd choice
Study: women & men asked to rate both themselves & one another on
attractiveness self ratings meshed w ratings of others (female & male);
people who are attractive know it
Women’s judgments closely related to how men perceived them
reflecting men’s judgments more than women’s
Heterosexual women in the fertile phases found men w deeper voices
more attractive
There is a great deal of variation in what people find attractive
Non-physical Traits & Attractiveness
How beautiful we find someone is likely enhanced by non-physical
traits such as familiarity, liking, respect, shared values/goals
Females & males rate faces more attractive when they’re smiling
Women more likely to be attracted to socially dominant men then men
are to be attracted to socially dominant women

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Women find men who are outgoing and self-expressive more appealing
(though men were put off by this in women)
Highly feminine women are more likely to be attracted to dominant
men
Men are more likely to be jealous of socially dominant men
Women more likely to be jealous of physically attractive women
Women more likely to find highly masculinized men attractive for a
short-term relationship and a less masculinized man for long-term
A world of Diversity
Some aspects of beauty seem to be largely cross-cultural
Men of European, African, Asian and Latino American descent prefer
female faces w:
Large eyes
Greater distance between eyes
Small noses
Narrower faces w smaller chins
High expressive eyebrows
Larger lower lips
Full heads of hair
Women were more likely to marry someone who is not attractive than
they are to marry someone who is unlikely to hold a steady job
What do you look for in a relationship?
Women placed greater emphasis than men on traits such as vocational
status, earning potential, expressiveness, kindness and fondness for children
when looking for a long-term partner
Men place more emphasis on youth, physical attractiveness and ability
to cook & frugality
When choosing a casual sex partner, women rated physical
attractiveness higher than men did
Both rated responsibility as most important when choosing a future
spouse
Study about picking the ideal spouse: men valued only “good-looking”
more than women did
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