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HIST 2600 Midterm: Conquest of War Canada

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HIST 2600
Jason Wilson

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Canada: The War of the Conquest (1756-1763) Submitted To: Dr. Gordon Submitted by: Andrew M. Smith (0865546) Submitted on: Monday, 5 October 2015 Question:What were the motives that brought about the seven years’ war in North America? What were the cause and effects of new foreign rule and how the continent proved difficult to manage and ultimately control. What were the chain causes that prompted North America to come under British rule and why it should be considered impossible to maintain as a whole? The Americas, in retrospect and more specifically North America had become the world’s theatre for colonial investment, imperial expansion, economic revenue and ultimately an additional outlet source for progressive global power. As the European superpowers began harvesting their colonies one could expect an inevitable collision course between them as the ambition for overwhelming dominance became a reality. The seven years’ war (1754-1763) was the result for direct political upheaval and economic competitions from the colonies and their parent nations that tragically resulted in the call for military action. Through scholarly investigation and critical analysis, North American history has outlined through a chain of events that it would become a very difficult continent to control despite whoever was their foreign overlord. The 7 years’ war which concluded combative roles in North America in 1760, would significantly transform the continent after the ratification of the Treat of Paris in 1763. As a result, North America had ceded to British rule and experienced a transition of power. However regardless of the prowess of the British Empire, the continent proved most difficult to maintain and secure as continuous rebellions and wars would swiftly follow in its later years. Throughout this paper much emphasis will be focussed on the politics that was inspired but economic struggle and military feuds in North America. One will easily and clearly be able to conclude that the North American continent was the attractive theatre of untapped resources that could elevate European powers but always would result in perilous defeat as it was permanently un- retainable. The specific examples that will be discussed throughout this paper is the British declaration of war in 1753 against France. It was largely caused because French colonial expansion was considered to be militarily aggressive as they attacked and sacked numerous British ports and settlements. The settlers in New France had proven disruptive to British economic interests and military action would have to take effect in order to supress their economic hardship. The precursors of French aggression towards British settlements and competition for dominance in North America had ultimately resulted in the 7 years’ war. However in 1758 the British successfully retaliated by taking three major French defenses. British War Minister William Pitt had not only encouraged the original launch of the military campaign but had greatly emphasised that taking Quebec was a vital element to achieve success. Pitt understood that as long as Quebec City and Montreal strongholds would remained under French control, Britain could not properly secure her colonial assets and constantly be competing against France. British had politically and economically driven motives that stimulated British to combat the French in North America and abroad. The Treaty of Paris of 1763 established that France to formally agreed to surrender much of North American, including Canada to the British. Also the Battle of the Plains of Abraham became the highlight and the turning point in the war and the history of New France. Needless to say that by conquering and obtaining the French stronghold at Québec, the British established a relatively strong presence in New France. At the culmination of the war, France ceded New France and modern day Canada to Britain which stimulated the British hegemony in North America. However the removal of France as a North American power and commercial rival was one of the only successes enjoyed by the empire. Native American rebellions such as the Pontiac war (1763) would again challenge the power of the British Empire and required revisited military operations in order to desperately secure its territories. British political and economic relations with the North A
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