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Music Review (3).rtf

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MUSC 2140
Howard Spring

Swing vs. Bebop Bebop: • started in the mid 1940s • was really the beginning of the "modern jazz" movement • is a style of jazz characterized by fast tempo • the phrases longer and more complex • the tone of the music ranged to sadness • musicians were forced to stop making records for sale to the public until further notice, it was during this ban that bebop was formed • bebop style grew directly out of the small swing groups, but placed a much higher emphasis on technique than on singable melodies like the swing music • bebop was not intended to be dance music • horns in bebop are substantially more improvised • was less about structure and more about improvisation Swing: • also known as swing jazz or simply swing • is a form of jazz music that developed in the early 1930s • tone of swing was more upbeat and happy • dancing and swing music served as an important social event • provided a much needed escape from life’s problems (War & Great Depression) • helped in forward strides in race relations; before the swing era, there was a nationwide racial divide between blacks and whites • has a very strong staccato rhythm played by the rhythm section (guitar, base) which drives the tempo of a song forward • the melody of swing music also tends to follow blues lyric phrasing (AAB or AABA or AAAB or ABAC for example) • swing is the fusion of blues and jazz • more geared toward structured cooperation between musicians • Core of swing style was its groove: steady, unaccented four-beats-to - the-bar foundation, perfect for dancing • 4 beat groove became firmly established as standard for hot dance music Similarities: • both based on the principle of improvisation, which made it possible for the musicians to change the song around, rather than play the exact same notes every time • still styles of jazz, which started with African music and Ragtime • both started by a single person who inspired others to use the same style in their own music, in Swing it was Louis Armstrong, and in bebop it was Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie • the instruments making up the bands were pretty much the same in both bebop and swing: piano, bass, drums, saxophone and or trumpet or trombone • the musicians from both eras also "contrafact" songs or write new melodies to existing songs • both had difficult eight note runs New Orleans Jazz vs. Swing New Orleans Jazz: • first style of jazz, became the foundation of the jazz tradition • derived from marching bands and dance music, transformed them through a highly unusual polyphonic texture known as collective improvisation • styles of African American folk principles as polyrhythm, vocalized timbres, and repetitive, cyclic structures • based on medium sized bands (5 - 8 members), with a strong rhythm that would play on the even counts • strong emphasis on improvisation by all members of the band • lead instruments were normally the trumpet or cornet, the clarinet, and the trombone • when the music passed from the streets to the dance halls and drinking clubs where it flourished • New Orleans style: -Instruments derived from two sources: -Brass band which gave the melody like trumpet, cornet, trombone and clarinet (Front line), second line percussion • String ensemble: violins, banjos, bass guitar made up rhythm section • Improvisation: -3 instruments in the front line( cornet, clarinet, trombone) improvised simultaneously in dense polyphonic texture (know today as collective improvisation) – Most distinctive feature of New Orleans Jazz Swing: • big band is associated with the swing era, but really a big band can play any kind of music • a "big band" just refers to the number of musicians in the group (generally 18 or more members) • improvisation was normally limited to only a few musicians for each song, and only at certain points in the song • more formality in the structure of the performance was required • became very popular with the spread
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