Class Notes Jan, 21, 23, 25-soan (1).docx

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Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course
SOAN 2120
Professor
Scott Schau
Semester
Winter

Description
Monday Jan. 21 2013 Lecture Characteristics of research 1. research originates with a question or problem 2. research requires a clear articulation of a goal 3. it follows a specific plan or procedure 4. it usually divides the principal problem, into more manageable sub-problems 5. is guided by the specific research problem, question or hypothesis 6. it accepts certain assumptions 7. requires the collection and interpretation of data in an attempt to resolve the problem that initiated the research 8. research is by its nature, cyclical or more exactly helical Causation -scientific explanations rest on the idea that events and conditions have causes -a language of variables -dependent variable (effect) is explained by the presence of the independent variable (cause) -in social science, a cause is not necessarily followed by an effect -causation models in social science are often probabilistic Finding causes in social science -find reasons why observe something -not enough to attribute cause to “choice” -must explain why different choices are made -example: education and prejudice -can discover the factors and modify them Correlation -slopes and graphs Variables -we need to define our variables -they comes from what we call concepts -variables are concepts which share a special relationship within our theories Independent Variables Dependent variable -the explaining variable (the cause) The explained variable (effect) The exogenous variable The endogenous Has impact upon another variable Is being impacted upon The variable that is depended on Depends on another variable Represented by x Represented by y Variables vs. attributes -attributes: describe the intensity, magnitude and nature of the variable -the values that a variabl
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