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Psych 101.docx

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University of British Columbia
PSYC 101

Sept 4 2013 Ch1 Pseudoscience13 Psychology is defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental processes the science that studies behaviors and the physiological and cognitive processes that underlie it and the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems behaviorconsciousness memory application how to apply to improve our lives15 investigating the psych impact earphones dont change safety19 multilevel approach x3Sept 9 20136 Philosophy and biology are the roots for psychology psych focuses more on now7 Psych134 years old late 1800s8 Research by scientific methods cognitive behavioral neuroscience health wellness socialpersonality developmental quantitative methods clinical treatment applied school18 Psych is not just common sense we need to base it on research instead 25 Confirmation bias to seek evidence that supports hypothesis while ignoring the evidence that fails to support hypothesis wanting to be rightwe need to confirm hypothesis by creating disconfirming evidence27 Scientific humility in the quest for truth always be prepared that we might be wrong counter evidence28 Belief perseverance tendency to stick to initial beliefs even when evidence disconfirms them against what we want to believe uncomfortable about own actions30 Psychology is a science the scientific method sets the standard for what is considered evidenceSept 11 201311 Science an approach to creating and evaluating evidence key characteristicscommunicate findings review publicationHumility aims for objectivity accuracy Cumulative theoryhypothesis replicate findings14 Six principles of Scientific thinkingReplicabilityCorrelation vs CausationRule out all rivalHypothesisOccams Razor ParsimonyFalsifiabilityExtraordinary claims need extraordinary Evidence22 Pseudoscience claims that seem scientific but arentno safeguards against biases not based on data and difficult to judge24 7 warning signs of pseudoscienceexaggerated claimsoverreliance on anecdotes testimoniesabsence of connectivitylacks peer review from scientific communitylack of self correctionpsychobabbleproof not supporting evidenceSept 13 201313 Scientific skepticism vs Pathological skepticism create a high bar in believing can be open minded use the 6 principles to help identify Nonscientific beliefs does notpseudoscientific claims17 Rational thinking careful reasoning objective analysis slow effortful coolExperiential thinking default way intuitive judgments emotional reactions fast effortless22 Emotional reasoning and great debates in psychology Nature Nurture Free willDeterminism26 Our brains make sense out of nonsense and perceive meaning in meaningless stimuliSept 16 2013 Ch 7 Memory12 Memory illusion a false but convincing memory Memory is Reconstructive14 Systems Sensory Shortterm working Longterm Stages Process of Encoding Process of Storage Process of Retrieval16 Sensory Brief storage of perceptual information Iconic images1 second Echoic Sound510 secs17 Short term memory1520 secs21 Types of Rehearsal Maintenance repeat in its original formElaborative effortfully visualize and or link to existing knowledgemore effective for complex information22 Magic Number 7 plus or minus 2 in meaningful chunks George A Miller25 The Serial Position Curve Primacy Effect extra rehearsal
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