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ANP 1106 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Chordae Tendineae, Papillary Muscle, Pericardium

Anatomy and Physiology
Course Code
ANP 1106
Jackie Carnegie
Study Guide

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1. Name the three types of effectors of the autonomic nervous system.
2. Which relays instruction from the CNS to muscles more quickly, the somatic nervous system or the
ANS? Explain why.
3. Which branch of the ANS would predominate if you were lying on the beach enjoying the sun and the
sound of the waves? Which branch would predominate if you were on a surfboard and a shark appeared
within a few feet of you?
1. What is the hematocrit? What is its normal value?
1. List two protective functions of blood.
3. Are plasma proteins used as fuel for body cells? Explain your answer.
4. How many molecules of oxygen can each hemoglobin molecule transport? What part of the
hemoglobin binds the oxygen?
5. Patients with advanced kidney disease often have anemia. Explain the connection.
6. Which WBCs turn into macrophages in tissues? Which other WBC is voracious phagocyte?
7. Platelets are alled throoytes i other aials. Whih ter that you’ve just leared relates to
this name? What does this term mean?
8. Amos has leukemia. Even though his WBC count is abnormally high, Amos is prone to severe
infections, bleeding, anemia. Explain.
9. What are the three steps of hemostasis?
10. What is the key difference between fibrinogen and fibrin? Between prothrombin and thrombin?
Between most factors before and after they are activated?
11. Which bleeding disorder results from not having enough platelets? From absence of clotting factor
12. Nigel is told he has type B blood. Which ABO antibodies does he have in his plasma? Which
agglutinogens are on his RBCs? Could he donate blood to an AB recipient? Could he receive blood from
an AB donor? Explain.
1. The heart is in the mediastinum. Just what is the mediastinum?
2. From inside to outside, list the layers of the heart wall and the coverings of the heart.
3. What is the purpose of the serous fluid inside the pericardial cavity?
4. What is the function of the papillary muscle and chordae tendineae?
5. Which side of the heart acts as the pulmonary pump? The systemic pump?
6. Which of the following statements are true? A) the left ventricle wall is thicker than the right ventricle
wall. B) the left ventricle blood pumps blood at a higher pressure than the right ventricle. C) the left
ventricle pumps more blood with each beat than the right ventricle. Explain.
7. Name the two branches of the right coronary artery.
8. For each of the following, state whether it applies to skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, or both: a)
refractory period is almost as long as contraction; b) source of Ca2+ for contraction is only SR; c) AP
exhibits a plateau phase; d) has troponin; e) has triads.
9. Cardiac muscle cannot go into tetany. Why?
10. Which part of the intrinsic conduction system directly excites ventricular myocardial cells? In which
direction does the depolarization wave travel across the ventricles?
11. Describe the electrical event in the heart that occurs during each of the following: a) the QRS wave
of the ECG; b) the T wave of the ECG; c) the P-R interval of the ECG.
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