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ANT EXAM NOTES.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT1101
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Society and StratificationSocial stratification Institutionalized inequality resulting in some groups receiving differential access to power wealth and prestigeWealth Accumulation of financial resources material possessions wives and children and the potential for future earnings Power The ability to reach personal financial and professional goals regardless of obstaclesPrestige The social esteem others hold for an individual Stratified societies Societies in which ranking and inequality among members varyEgalitarian cultures Groups in which members enjoy equal access to resources and positionsMinority group is a group that is subjected to prejudice and discrimination while the dominant group holds greater power prestige and privilegeHierarchiesNormalized Made to seem natural normal necessary inevitableHierarchy A system of ranking things or people according to different criteriaIdeology a set of beliefs and values Typically that are a worldview or that explain a worldview It is often not always characteristic of a culture shared ideas about how the world works and shared values about what is good bad appropriate etcIntegrative theory of hierarchy Hierarchy is seen as necessary to coordinate more complex activitiesExploitative theory of hierarchy Hierarchy is created maintained and expanded by individuals or groups who seek to gain wealth or power by exploiting othersRacial StratificationRace Group of people who are categorized based on biological and behavioural traitsRacism The perception that some groups are biologically and culturally inferior to other groups
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