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Culture and Ethnographic Methods.docx

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Culture and Ethnographic MethodsNicoleKuntzEmergence of Anthropology as a Distinct DisciplineMid 1800s interactions between different cultures increased Colonialism economic and political travelAnthropologists strive to be completely objective CRITICAL AWARENESSHow our culture influences how we see the world Culture bound theories based in European societal ideals EurocentricAnthropology questions and tests culture bound theoriesTypes of Research and Analysis In effort to constantly build upon knowledge Ethnography Description of society based on first person first hand observationEthnology Systematic comparison of culturesEthnohistory Study of recent past through official documents oral history diaries and lettersApplied Anthropology employed or hired use of anthropological knowledge to solve world problems Can also be used for the sake of research Start with problem Method SolutionFoundations of Human SocietiesSocial Structure same language same culture interdependent regular interaction within same region governed by the same laws sounds grammarGroups of people must have predictable behaviour cultureShaking hands greeting green light goThe values we have make us behave a certain wayClothing manners gestures art physical manifestation of cultureMACRO CULTURE Whole societyMICRO SUB CULTURE Culture within culture CULTURE Farming fishing trade rituals behaviours what and how people think supernatural beings material products clothing food artPREDICTABILITY REDUCES FEAR WORLD VIEW the explicit and implicit conceptions an individual or group has of the limits and workings of the worldHuman needs food water shelter human contact mental stimulation and reproduction How humans meet these needs is influenced by cultureCULTURE ISSHARED social norms values rulesSubculture variations gender age classLearned socioculture constructs which provide guidelines for behaviour social identity and statusLEARNED not all learned behaviour is cultureLearn most from family friends school religion media Processes and forces of enculturation Enculturation passing of a behaviour from generation to generation Must be shared among population
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