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FINAL CROSSWORDSOrganizing the living worldHomologousLinneaus classified organisms based on morphologically and structurally similar characters rather than differences this term refers to these type of charactersTaxaplural of taxonNaturalsynonym for evolutionary taxonomyCommonevery animal in a taxon shares this type of ancestorItalicspecial text formatting that you have to apply to a genus species name when typedDerivedin some animals in a taxon the original characters that defined the group have been modified they are now this type of charactersSynamorphiesthese derived characters are shared by all members of the clade and are referred to as theseMonophyleticcladistics emphasizes this type of relationship between the different taxaTaxona term that describes any of the major or minor groups in the classification systemFungithe kingdom of multicelled saprophytic organisms that have a cell wall composed of chitinOnemonophyletic groups have this number of ancestorsWingsthese appendages of bats and birds are homologous with our armsConvergenttwo different taxa have similar looking structures that function in similar ways Its an example of this type of evolutionCladea subset of organisms within a group that all have the same shared characters are referred to as this and ive this method of classification its namePolyphyleticif different taxa are related to each other and the ancestor to the group is not included in the classification they are referred to as thisHomoplasybirds and insects both fly and have wings but they dont share a common ancestor so their wings are considered as being this type of characterLatinGenus and species names are written in this languageAnimaliathe kingdom of Multicellular organisms that have to feed by swallowing other organisms whole or in chunksPlantaethe kingdom of Multicellular photosynthesizersAncientthis type of taxonomy results in lists of different organismsPrimitivein a taxon characters found in the ancestor of the group are considered this and its not a statement of their valueCladisticsphylogenetic systematics is also called thisAbsorptionthe way that organisms in the kingdom fungi get their nutrientsPhylogenythe evolutionary history of a group of organism is expressed as thisAncestralanother name for a primitive characterPheneticanother name for numeric taxonomyFossilsold organisms turned to stoneTreesdendograms look like theseFoodplants can make this and to survive animals must consume itMicroevolution and Speciation
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