POL2104 Exam Extra Notes.docx

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Department
Biopharmaceutical sciences
Course
BPS1101
Professor
Andre Lecours
Semester
Winter

Description
Pol2104 Exam Extra Notes Lecture One: → Institutionalism: political analysis through the study of political institutions - These institutions shape action - Institutions are autonomous and the effect both actions and outcomes - They are independent because they have autonomy from society and develop independently. - they affect everything from strategies, identities, and relationships. rational choice institutionalism: there are rational actors and they determine outcomes, actors have reason and they can chose what is best for them using this reason - focus on “the rules of the political game” - institutions are collections of interrelated rules and routines sociological institutionalism: institutions are embedded in cultural norms - they are non-material, instead they are norms and values historical institutionalism: institutions are formal structures - emphasis on institutional continuity Lecture Five: → federal state: a state in which sovereignty is shared across several levels of gov’t in which they may not intervene in other levels → unitary state: a states in which sovereignty is concentrated at the level of a single central gov’t , they can be centralized or decentralized - main difference is the constitutional division of labour between the national and sub- national gov'ts. - there are many states that are not completely federal or not completely unitary Lecture Six: Political Regimes totalitarianism: see paper authoritarianism: - the prescience of some political pluralism - absence of an ideology that is used to guide the regime - no extensive political mobilization - limited leadership by a small group or one person - have military control, as well as the presence of secret police to monitor citizens - many times they have similar policies to democracies but all authoritarian regimes have different policies, there are no uniform authoritarian policies. democracy: the majority have the say in the political process and elect a government through universal suffrage. - two types: see paper Lecture Seven: Political Parties political party: see paper - must gain control over gov’t power through the capture of public offices and the organization of gov’t - make nominations and contest elections - contesting elections in hopes of gaining control (competition) what they do: - link between the reps in office and the citizens and organizes the political activity if like minded citizens - link candidates to recognizable symbols or expectations - speak for their member or their supporters in front of gov’t agencies cadre or elite parties: a party with little formal organization that is primarily an alliance of politicians and their patrons to coordinate activities within the gov’t mass party: a party with ext
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