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Midterm

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Department
Chemistry
Course
CHM2120
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Spring

Description
Mechanisms Organic reactions happen when electrons moveoEasiest to understand by organic mechanisms3 general concepts know1Work with functional groupsDont worry about how the molecule looks worry about the functional groupFunctional group are locations on a molecule that reactReactionfunction2Use arrows to show bonds formation3Use arrows to show bonds breakingoUse arrows to show charge formationIdentifying functional groupsoHeteroatomoUnsaturation double bond or higheroAtom that carries a chargeHydrocarbon part does not reactoScaffolding that holds functional groupoHydrocarbon can be abbreviated as RoJust focus on the functional groupBond formationoArrows show e movementAlways show e pairs with negative chargesCan also show bonds breakingWhen a double barbed arrow points to an atom the atom gains electrons and becomes 1 unit more negativeoArrow points at more electronegative unless it already has a full negative chargeAtom that a doubly barbed arrow starts at points away from loses electrons and becomes one unit more positiveCombine Bond forming and breakingMemory methodOHHClOHHClHOCl2Mechanistic wayOH HClHO2
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