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[CRM2306] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 42 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 2306
Professor
Kate Fletcher
Study Guide
Midterm

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uOttawa
CRM2306
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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CRM2306
Federal Penitentiaries
- Correctional Service Canada (CSC)
Federal Prison
- Over 2 years of time
- Federal correctional institution
o Minimum
o Medium
o Maximum
- The cascading effect moving down the security levels
- Average $117,000 to keep one man in a medium security prison
- Average $211,000 to keep one woman in a medium security prison (feminine products, more
health concerns, pregnancy, economies of scale (fewer women))
Provincial Prison System
- Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services
o Correctional Centres
Education, living skills
o Jails/detention centres
Serving less than 60 days
Waiting to be transferred to a federal institution
o Treatment centres
Mental disorders
Specialized programming
- People sentenced to less than 2 years
- People being held on remand
- People at the end of their sentence
Reintegration Approach
Correctional ideology/rhetoric
- Acquisition of legitimate skills
- Creation of supervised opportunity for testing, using, refining
o Work skills
o Education
o Psychological skills
o Behavioural skills
Managing Risk in a Correctional Institute
- Continues emphasis on rehab and reintegration
- Emphasis on managing risk
o Manage the risk that these individuals pose on the rest of society
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Managerialism you manage intuition the way you run for profit/ business
enterprises (measurement, quantifying data, control)
Reintegration Approach
- Risk analysis ---- recidivism (chance of reoffending)
o Risk ---- static risk factors (things that cannot be changed) (ex. criminal history, race,
age, family history (abuse, adoption), gender)
o Needs --- dynamic (substance abuse, prosocial activities, mental health, education,
social support)
- Case management process
1. Offender Intake Assessment
a. Multi method process parole officer collection information will use many
sources
b. Indicators: Employment, family, substance abuse, community functioning,
personal/emotional, attitude
2. Correctional Place/ supervision
3. Case preparation for release
a. What community programs you will do
b. What jo oull get
4. Parole Board decision
a. Whether or not you are released
5. Release/ community supervision
a. Usually a half-way house and community supervision
o Risk Assessment
Clinical professional opinion
Actuarial collection and measurement of data
What security level you get put in
Release decisions
o New Rehabilitationism
Effective risk management strategy
Do risk assessment, get risk knowledge and add that to how we rehabilitate
them
Responsibilization
Transform individuals risk
Who are we trying to make people resemble?
Who is this ideal person that is low risk?
If there people that are automatically disadvantaged from this process
because of race, where they live?
o How do we make prisoners into a science experiment?
Uderstad hat there lakig e a attept to fill those gaps
This will lower their riskiness
Goal : Normalizing these offenders
Symbolic Functions of Prison
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