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CRM2306- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 91 pages long!)


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 2306
Professor
Kate Fletcher
Study Guide
Final

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UOttawa
CRM2306
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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CRM2306 December 1, 2016
Prisonization of Society Imprisonment as socially corrosive?
Office hours
Monday Dec 5 4:30-7
Dec 7th 4:30-7
Tuesday 13th 1-3
Thursday 15th 1-3
Monday 19th 1-4
Prison as Self-evident
Egalitarian punishment deprivation of liberty
- Time is concrete
- Taking time away from someone is taking away their freedom
- Value time and freedom same and different ways
- Taking your time because you have offended
- Some people value their liberty different some people don’t have much to lose
- Different subcultures
Apparatus for transforming individuals render docile and useful
- Great place to fix and transform people
- Prison to penitentiaries to rehabilitation
- Remaking people in a new vision
- Techniques of corrections are part of the total institutions
- Forced to engaging in activities disidentify people
- From asking things to getting into poses losing your id kit
Symbolic functions of prisons
Illustrate consequences of resistance
- The way we discipline
Conceal the fact that the social is carceral
- By its nature
Techniques that are in schools, farm and work Continuity of other venues that exist in society (school,
work places, factories…)
Prison as a more concentrated form of supervision, constraint and surveillance
Not something we’re totally unused to
By virtue of its existence, people who are not doing time believe that they are free and not constrained by
the same forces that are in prison all the time (offers the rest of us this illusion)
This illusion conceals the fact that society is very carceral in its form (same carceral techniques all over
society)
Carceral system replicates institutional norms of the system and the prison veils the fact that it
disadvantages particular groups over and over
An illusion
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Does prison work?
Careceal system direct barrier to social change system replicates institutionalized norms of the
social system
Creates “criminal others” (penal exclusion)
Created a criminal class set of others
That the rest of are different because they are not criminals
Go back to their communities and don’t change – they cant get higher
The word “others” give this disadvantage to people
Prison = emergency safety net what will you do with the loser?
Their bodies make other people profit we treat them like animals in farm
It works just not the way we think it is
Extra enological function of prisons
Labour extraction
- Labour from prisoners
- Race
Ethnoracial closure
- Stigma population
- Constraint to a area
- Territorial confinement -bounded
- Institutional encasement make their own, that’s mirrored the outside of society – have
autonomy and self determination
Functions that have nothing to with crime
Overrepresentation of certain groups
70% white
Inversion of ethnic composition
White black incarceration gap (1 in 8)
Probability of “doing time”
“Peculiar Institutions” special
Chattel slavery
- Brought over to north American
- Movable private property
- People could own people
- Plantations
- Slave and dihumnation led to racial indifference - division became part of society
- Once slavery is ended how do we get the labour if we cant own them for an
economy to exist
Jim Crows laws
o Organization of labor was a basis of a plantation society
o Legally segration system not equal based on “racial issues”
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