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PSY 1101 Study Guide - Final Guide: Wilhelm Wundt, Operational Definition, Body OdorExam

Course Code
PSY 1101
Najwa Haddad
Study Guide

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1. Cruella would not describe herself as the type of person who cares about animal rights, but she
says that she does when filling out a survey for a psychologist. This illustrates that people can be
highly _____ when studied.
A) dogmatic B) variable C) complex D) reactive
2. The tendency for an operational definition to be conceptually related to the underlying
property under investigation is referred to as:
A) reliability.
B) validity.
C) power.
D) measurement.
3. The tendency for a measure to produce the same result whenever it is used to measure the
same thing is known as:
A) consistency. B) power.
C) validity.
D) reliability.
4. Roger wants to study whether the level of personal income predicts happiness. He
operationally defines income” as the gross amount of money a person earns in a calendar
year.” He operationally defines happiness” as the ability of that person to stand on one leg for
longer than 3 minutes.” What is glaringly wrong with Roger's study?
A) It lacks validity; income” can be measured, but “happiness” cannot.
B) It lacks reliability; the operational definitions of the properties under study produce
inconsistent measurements.
C) It lacks validity; the operational definition of happiness” is unrelated to the underlying
property of happiness.
D) It lacks reliability; it is difficult to precisely measure both “income” and “happiness.”
5. Experiencing emotion usually interferes with the ability to engage in adaptive behavior.
A) True B) False
6. Broca's research was consistent with Descartes' philosophical position that mental processes
were grounded in the brain.
A) True B) False
7. Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychology laboratory in Leipzig in 1879.
A) True B) False

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

8. Helmholtz developed introspection as a tool for understanding the structure of consciousness.
A) True
B) False
9. William James did not believe that consciousness could be broken down into basic elements.
A) True
B) False
10. Psychoanalysis emphasizes the function of conscious mental processes that occur during
sexual experiences.
A) True B) False
11. The goal of psychoanalysis is to banish unwanted feelings and memories into the
A) True B) False
12. The greatest contribution of psychoanalysis was the research in experimental psychology that
it generated.
A) True B) False
13. Freud's theories have proven difficult to test. A) True
B) False
14. Maslow and Rogers are regarded as being more optimistic about the human condition than
A) True B) False
15. Behaviorism focused on the scientific study of objectively observable behavior.
A) True B) False
16. If a behavior is reinforced, it is more likely to occur again.
A) True B) False
17. The Gestaltists' view was diametrically opposed to the functionalists' claim that experience
can be broken down into separate elements.
A) True B) False

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

18. By studying how quickly rats pressed levers for food pellets before and after surgery that
removed parts of their brains, Karl Lashley hoped to discover the precise spot in the brain where
learning occurs.
A) True B) False
19. Karl Lashley discovered that by removing small sections of a rat's brain, he could completely
erase its memory of a previously learned maze.
A) True B) False
20. Behavioral neuroscience is a field of psychology that attempts to understand the links
between the mind and the brain.
A) True B) False
21. Behavioral and cognitive psychology have benefited greatly from the knowledge obtained
from invasive experimental brain surgery techniques in human participants.
A) True B) False
22. Darwin's theory of natural selection no longer plays a prominent role among today's
evolutionary psychologists.
A) True B) False
23. An advantage of the evolutionary approach over the behavioral approach to psychology is
that the evolutionary hypotheses can more easily be tested.
A) True B) False
24. Most members of the American Psychological Association (APA) are also members of the
Association for Psychological Science (APS).
A) True B) False
25. Today, the Association for Psychological Science (APS) is the largest professional
organization of psychologists in the world.
A) True B) False
26. The American Psychological Association existed for nearly 100 years before it elected a
woman as president.
A) True B) False
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