CCT218H5- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 18 pages long!)

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How do we define information: action/wisdom, knowledge. How do we define information: knowledge. Information-as-thing information as a physical object (i. e. book or webpage) Luciano floridi and a reading exercise: gives a very short introduction to information in his book information is structured in data. A brief history of information: there were examples of writing on artifacts, looking at those allowed us to capture ideas, 30,000 tablets, what taxonomies were developed, scrolls, used as a retention of information. Information environment changes: language, writing, printing, mass communication, networked digital media. What is the role of the abstract: provides an overview or summary of the article. Shannon and weaver provide two examples of how analyzing information is a problem. What are they: the way the information is interpreted can be confusing because two different people could come to two different conclusions based on the data they have.

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