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MC Test 3 full questions/answers

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Dax Urbszat

3mw3 ____ 1) The gradual conversion of information into durable long-term memory codes is called A. long-term potentiation B. postsynaptic conversion C. elaboration D. consolidation ____ 2) The person who has the ability to see all aspects of a problem and make good decisions is demonstrating the __________ type of intelligence. A. verbal B. practical C. social D. academic ____ 3) A norm refers to A. a test's reliability B. a test's validity C. a test's distribution of scores D. all of these things ____ 4) Penfield's studies suggest that long-lost memories can be elicited through electrical stimulation of the brain. This suggests the possibility that forgetting may be a matter of A. retrieval failure B. displacement C. gradual decay D. unconscious wishes to forget ____ 5) The conjunction fallacy is a tendency to A. ignore information about base rates when estimating the probabilities of certain combinations of outcomes B. overestimate the odds of a chance event if that event hasn't occurred recently C. draw general conclusions based on a few isolated cases D. believe that the odds of two uncertain events happening together are greater than the odds of either event happening alone ____ 6) When the word "oat" is changed to the word "boat," the number of A. phonemes and morphemes are both increased B. phonemes stays the same, but the number of morphemes is increased C. phonemes increases, but the number of morphemes stays the same D. phonemes decreases, but the number of morphemes increases ____ 7) The child's first words are generally spoken at about what age? A. 3 to 5 months B. 6 to 8 months C. 10 to 13 months D. 18 to 21 months ____ 8) The fact that the correlation in IQ scores between identical twins reared apart is lower than that between identical twins reared together suggests that A. environmental factors can have an influence on intellectual development B. environmental factors have no impact on intellectual development C. genetic factors have no impact on intellectual development D. identical twins often do not have the same genotype ____ 9) The entrance exam that Jaclyn is taking for graduate school has a number of questions such as: glove is to hand as sock is to __________. Questions of this type are considered to be A. problems of arrangement B. problems of transformation C. problems of inducing structure D. ill-defined problems ____ 10) The fact that some people have an organized sequence of memories for driving their car to work implies the existence of A. prototypes B. analogies C. scripts D. chained connotations ____ 11) According to Sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence, a mnemonic device such as learning "Every good boy does fine" in order to remember which notes are on the lines of the treble clef in musical notation represents A. a metacomponent B. a knowledge-acquisition component C. a performance component D. an intelligence component ____ 12) Which of the following statements is the most debatable? A. Intelligence is at least somewhat genetic in origin. B. Genetic factors are strongly implicated in the cause of ethnic differences in intelligence. C. The average IQ in the lowest social classes is about 30 to 30 points lower than the average IQ in the highest social classes. D. The average IQ for some minority groups in the United States is about 3 to 15 points lower than the average for whites. ____ 13) Walter is 10 years old and has a mental age of 8, based on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale. Alfred is 12 and has a mental age of 10, based on the Stanford- Binet Intelligence Scale. Using the intelligence quotient scoring system suggested by William Stern A. Walter would be considered "more" intelligent than Alfred B. Alfred would be considered "more" intelligent than Walter C. both boys would be considered equally intelligent D. the scores could not be meaningfully compared because the boys are not the same age ____ 14) If you wanted to be able to predict how successful you would be at being an engineer, you would take a test that measured your potential for this profession. It is hoped that the test would be high in A. criterion-related validity B. internal validity C. construction validity D. hypothetical validity ____ 15) Jacob is thinking of buying a $1 lottery ticket. In Lottery A his odds of winning are 1 out of a 1000, and he may win $500. In Lottery B his odds of winning are 1 out of 5000, but he may win $5000. Based on expected value theory, Jacob should A. buy either ticket because both lotteries have the same expected value B. buy a ticket from Lottery B because it has a higher expected value C. buy a ticket from Lottery A because it has a higher expected value D. not buy either ticket because both lotteries have very low odds of winning ____ 16) Pseudoforgetting is viewed as a function of A. interference effects B. lack of attention C. hippocampal damage D. insufficient retrieval cues ____ 17) An algorithm is A. the set of possible pathways to a solution considered by a problem solver B. a guiding principle or "rule of thumb" used in problem solving C. a methodical procedure for trying all possible solutions to a problem D. equivalent to a heuristic ____ 18) Spearman's "g" infers that A. most kinds of intelligence are highly related B. most kinds of intelligence are not highly related C. intelligence is highly correlated with personality characteristics D. intelligence is primarily genetic in origin ____ 19) The ability of people to "juggle" information in working memory in order to reason and make decisions is the __________ component of working memory. A. executive control system B. rehearsal loop C. visual imagery D. schematic ____ 20) __________ is a metabolic disorder (due to an inherited enzyme deficiency) that can lead to retardation if it is not caught and treated in infancy. A. Hydrocephaly B. Phenylketonuria C. Down syndrome D. Parkinson's disease ____ 21) Which of the following terms is synonymous with "motivated forgetting"? A. regression B. repression C. sublimation D. rationalization ____ 22) The study of source monitoring - the process of making attributions about the origins of memories - is most closely associated with which of the following researchers? A. Brenda Milner B. Endel Tulving C. Marcia Johnson D. Elizabeth Loftus ____ 23) The Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model proposes that memory has A. sensory, short-term, medium-term, and long-term stores B. short-, medium-, and long-term stores C. four different memory stores D. sensory, short-term, and long-term stores ____ 24) Dave is reminiscing about the first car he owned in high school and how he felt the first time he drove it through town. This is an example of __________ memory. A. procedural B. declarative C. episodic D. semantic ____ 25) Mrs. Bondle seldom corrects her 4-year-old's grammatical errors, such as "Her drinked my milk." However, she is careful to correct factual errors, such as "Tiger ate his milk." Assuming Mrs. Bondle's child develops normal language skills, her pattern of feedback would be inconsistent with A. the behavioral view of language development B. the nativist view of language development C. all major theories of language development D. the transformational theory of language development ____ 26) In analyzing factors in intelligence, Charles Spearman emphasized a general intelligence factor known as A. crystallized intelligence B. s C. g D. the primary mental ability ____ 27) A child who says, "I sawed a cat in the yard," is making which of the following errors? A. overextension B. underextension C. overregularization D. underregularization ____ 28) If the three memory stores were ordered in terms of levels of processing, which of the following sequences would be the correct order for progressively deeper processing? A. long-term memory, short-term memory, sensory memory B. short-term memory, sensory memory, long-term memory C. sensory memory, short-term memory, long-term memory D. sensory memory, long-term memory, short-term memory ____ 29) In cultures that depend on hunting and gathering for subsistence, a(n) __________ style is more adaptive. A. field dependent B. risk-averse C. field independent D. algorithmic ____ 30) Most persons mistakenly believe that more people die from tornadoes than from asthma. This is because they mistakenly apply A. a means/end analysis B. a compensatory decision model C. an availability heuristic D. a representativeness heuristic
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