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University of Toronto Mississauga
Christine Burton

PSY270 TEST 2 QUESTIONS In the functional-equivalence hypothesis, Finke described five ways that images can be similar to physical objects. List and explain threeof these ways.(3) Transformational equivalence imagined and physical movements use the same laws of motion Spatial equivalence arrangement of elements in images are the same as those in physical objects Implicit encoding information about physical objects can be attained from images even though not stored explicitly Structural equivalence construction of images and physical objects uses similar processes. Perceptual equivalence similar brain mechanisms are used for imagery and perception. What are the three levels of categories mentioned in the prototype theory and give examples. Basic level: It is not very specific but not too broad. Like furniture. Superordinate: a broad category, a level above basic. Like a chair. Subordinate: one level below basic; which is very specific. Like a rocking chair. What are three problems with the classical view of categorization? All categories do not have a list of defining features. It is difficult to classify sometimes. We as humans may just be bad at categorizing. We can give something a typicality rating. We categorize typical exemplars faster than atypical ones. We generate typical exemplars more that atypical ones. How does what we know or learn affect what we remember? (in terms of theories). The two main theories describing this are decay theory and the interference theory.
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