from behind the bushes, in Qur’an, God told Moses to visualize but then mountain
exploded—basically Moses couldn’t visualize God.
Furthermore, Moses (80 years old) and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said the Lord says let
the Israelis go, but Pharaoh said no, so God cursed Pharaoh with 10 plagues: 1) nile river
turns to blood, 2) nile river swarms with frogs, 3) plague of gnats, 4) plague of flies, 5)
death of Egyptian cattle, 6) plague of boils, 7 thunder and hail storms, 8) clouds of
locusts, 9) darkness, 10) death of Egyptian first-born. At midnight, Lord killed all first
born including Pharaoh’s.
4. Describe in detail the second encounter of MOSES with GOD (YHWH) at Mount
Sinai after the EXODUS of the Hebrews from EGYPT. How might you characterize this
Pharaoh says take people of Israel, but then changes mind, and stops them. The
Egyptians flee but are killed, and the Israelis saved. Moses is then called by God who
says tell them all that you are witness to what just happened to all the Egyptians. Tell
them that the whole Earth is God’s, and that they are a holy nation. On the morning of
the third day, the trumpets were so loud that everyone trembled. Moses brought them up
the mountain to see God. But then they saw smoke, and the mountain quaked. Lord then
told Moses that send the people down lest (out of fear) that they be perished (destroyed).
Then God told them that He is the God, and they there should be no other gods before
Him. He said don’t make graven (carved out) images of things above in the heavens and
in the waters or below earth, and you shall not bow down to them for He is a jealous God.
Also don’t take God’s name in vain. Then he said 6 days you work, but the Sabbath day
is for relaxation, because God made everything in 6 days, and rested the seventh.
Overall, God spoke to Moses alone, and asked him to tell the people of the Revelation.
5. In DEUTORONOMY 31.24, shortly before his death, MOSES is said “to have
finished writing the words of this law in a book (THE TORAH)”. Symbolically, in
Jewish tradition, what does this sentence mean and what is the TORAH?
Basically, after Moses was given the Ten Commandments on the two stones, it was put in
a sacred container called “the ark of covenant (contract)”, and Moses told some people to
put it aside as a reference book. Because he wanted to tell them that since they didn’t
follow the rules they will have that put aside for them for later reference. He was saying
to them that they were rebellious against the Lord when Moses was alive, so what will
happen once he dies. The Torah is either written or oral. This is one of the three sections
in the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible), and is divided into five books: 1) Genesis (beginning)
– creation of Adam and Eve, and also the covenant of circumcision, 2) Exodus (exit) –
the birth of Moses and the 10 pagues, revelation of the written and oral Torah, as well as
the 10 commandments on the two stones, 3) Leviticus – basic laws were introduced for
example love your neighbour as yourself, 4) Numbers – all the battles, sacrifices, 5)
Deuteronomy – reaffirmation of the covenant, speeches by Moses and his death.
Moreover, Moses symbolizes the prophet who led his people to freedom, the law giver,
the proto-type (example) of prophetic experience.