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These are a few answered questions from miller midterm prep.

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David Miller

INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF RELIGION RLG 101 H5F INSTRUCTOR: DAVID MILLER ANSWER ALL SIX QUESTIONS (5 POINTS EACH) PART A: QUESTIONS FROM LECTURES (15 POINTS TOTAL) 1. What are the principal characteristics of ELOHIM, the GOD in GENESIS (Chapter 1, verse 1) Who created the Heavens and the Earth, and what are the two principle CREATION THEORIES found in GENESIS 1? (5 POINTS) A) ELOHIM, in Hebrew is plural; hence DIVINE PLURALITY; two major characteristics of Elohim are: -FIRST CAUSE: if there was a cause of god, God would not be God; hence God in the FIRST UNCAUSED CAUSE -EFFICIENT CAUSE (less important); his effect is creation of the cosmos (1 point) B) More importantly, ELOHIM is NOT the MATERIAL CAUSE; (as the spider is the material cause of its web), ELOHIM remains TRANSCENDENT or apart from his creation in both theories of creation (1 point) c) ELOHIM creates the cosmos out of PRE-EXISTANT MATTER in GENESIS ONE symbolized by the WATERS (See Notes pp. 3& 4). Genesis 1:2 & 1:6 ff The Hebrew word TEHOM (DEEP), which refers to the WATERS as deep is related etymologically to the BABYLONIAN word TIAMAT, the wicked female dragon that encompasses the WATERS. MARDUK, the god of the WIND, slays TIAMAT and makes the heavens and the earth from her body in language similar to GENESIS text, but the author of GENESIS has DEMYTHOLOGIZED the BABYLONIAN MYTH- thus, the WATERS become PRE-EXISTANT MATTER out of which ELOHIM creates the COSMOS, like a POTTER creates a beautiful pot out of a chaotic lump of clay (2 points) D) The other Theory of Creation is the one more commonly associated with GENESIS ONE: Creation out of nothing by his WORD. Let there be light Genesis 1:3 & 4 etc. In both cases ELOHIM is NOT the MATERIAL CAUSE (1 point) 2. The SANSKRIT word AP (WATERS) enables the HISTORIAN OF RELIGION to understand the significance of WATERS in the Myth of Creation in the LAWS OF MANU. What is the relationship of AP (WATERS) to ISHVARA who creates from within his own body? (5 POINTS) A) THE WATERS (AP) symbolize PRE-EXISTENT MATTER, which exists INSIDE of ISHVARA, like the pre-existent matter inside a spider that later the spider spins out into a beautiful web. ISHVARA, however, creates within himself. Both the
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