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John Kervin

Week 1 Think: What is religion? What is faith? Does faith differ from beliefs? What does it mean to be Christian?  “Christianity” is perhaps better imagined as a complex, fluid, and ever-changing spectrum of often quite diverse practices, beliefs, and modes of being. Week 2 What do we know about social, religious, and historical circumstances in which Jesus lived?  Born in Judaea, during the rule of the Roman Empire (Augusta the first)  During turmoil, where the Jewish which was prominent in the region, was suffering due to loss of temples and rights  According gospel, they showed as suffering and being lower end (Gospel of Mark)  But it was discovered, the area was rather high end scale of Sepharous  Jesus was a Jew Mathew  King of all Jews and not necessarily suffering community  Seen as the messiah, to bring the peace  So seen as symbol of hope Luke  Gentile community  Jesus as more of son of man  Humanized and more historical correct gospel as he places more facts rather than exaggeration  Traveled with Paul and lived with Christian community John  Jesus as a teacher, not just religious figure  Division between Jewish and Christians  Told Jesus story in a symbolic manner Week 3 Why Paul is sometimes called “founder” of Christianity? Is this a fair claim?  Paul move through Jewish spreading his beliefs- spreading word of Jesus  Paul argued that baptism could replace circumcision and this allowed gentiles to join the Jewish community  Paul agreed in exchange to collect money from his community to support the church  Fundamental reason; took following Christ toward gentiles and not exclusively towards Jews  He didn’t think he was founding a new religion but just preaching and wait for Jesus resurrection  The religion of Christianity becomes a Gentiles movement  A lot of Paul’s letters are found in the testament and others are attributed to Paul because he was influential  The movement was able to spread due to the roads and ease of travel Week 4 Why is a Eucharistic (body and blood of Christ) (or “thanksgiving”) meal central to Christian practice? Why is it often called a sacrificial meal?  Symbolic of him sacrificing himself for humanity so makes them drink his blood and think of bread as flesh  Passover: Jewish celebration place the blood of the lamb on the door and the angel of death passed over without killing the first born males, unless didn’t mark it with lamb’s blood  Jesus was celebrating Passover on last supper, but for Christian it is sacrifice as Jesus claimed that someone at last supper would betray him  Judas: a disciple for money by giving away Jesus’ location to Roman guard  Christian becomes base of mass and tradition when you get to church  Christianity “Jesus-lamb of God” so saves them from death –day of Lent Week 5 Why is the “body” so important in Christianity? How did Christian ideas about death and the body challenge prevailing non-Christian ideas in the Roman Empire?  Sins associated with body not soul  Christian view-the grave/body would be a point where heaven and earth connected while Roman believed that would just move onto heaven or hell Why early Christians would have celebrated Perpetua’s death; How cult of the saints, as Brown describes, broke down the barrier between heaven and earth Week 6 According to the Gospels, Jesus instructed to go forth and “make disciples of all nations”. So why have Christian often established communities set apart from the world? How does lectio divina seem to be similar to, and yet different from the Orthodox practice of hesychastic prayers? What seems the point of each practice?  Hesychastic: orthodox, based on the gospel of Mathew, getting rid of all thoughts and senses to achieve an inner peace and be closer to God  Lectio divina: follows St. Beneict We Week 7 Why is Jerusalem so important to Chrisstians and what are some ways by which Christian have acquired the city? Week 8 Can we call Christianity a Western religion?  Missionary religion What does it mean to say that Christianity is a missionary religion?  Jesus said to go and convert world into Christians  Christian missionaries, think about people going to convert the savages, but there is also more  Think about Paul-was able to expand Christianity beyond Judaism by being able to talk about Christianity in context with their language, text, history, thinking so was more convincing  Before Paul, the resurrected Jesus talking to the 12 disciples and told them that all authority was given to him and therefore go make all nations disciples o Talks about his authority and then gives them a mission  Originated from Galilee must spread through Egypt and importance of Mark to Egypt  St. Mark  S Coptic Orthodox Cathedral (Cario) built to honor this disciple and a way to be closer to Jesus through his disciple  Look at first person that evangelized you and it was Mark for most of Egypt  Merchants (Venice) went to Alexandria and stole Mark’s body and built St. Marks on top of his body  St. Thomas (went to India)  Jesus told him to go to India even though he insisted that he was a Hebrew and so first he refusesnext day the resurrected Jesus is walking around in the Jerusalem and Thomas is sold as a slave to a rich Indian merchant that takes him back to India  This king in India tells him to build a palace and continues to give Thomas money to build him the palace but as the King arrives he finds nothing  Thomas says that he was giving away the King’s money to the poor and building him a palace in heaven  The king has a dream and is converted into Christianity  Christians in India during Antiquity and probably got there because of the spread of the Persian Empire  Persian missionaries travelled to India so Christianity was there before Thomas ‘time  Missionaries made it to China, spread because spread using their language, words (terms taken from Buddhism) Can we call Christianity a Western Religion?  No because it has spread throughout the world and weren’t initially spread by Europeans  But yes because there was a lot of influence  Standard story, Vasco da Gama was p
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