Key Terms from FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIETY Chapters 1 to 9 FOR TEST AND EXAM PREP

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Lecture 1
Sociology: the systematic study of human society
Sociological perspective: seeing the general in the particular
Positivism: a way of understanding based on science
Theory: states how facts are related, weaving observations into insight
and understanding
Lecture 2
Theoretical approaches: is a basic image of society that guides thinking
and research
social structures : is any relatively stable pattern of social behaviour
social functions : are the consequences of any social pattern for the operation of
society as a whole
structural-functional approach a framework for building theory that sees society
as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and
stability
social-conflict approach - approach is a framework for building theory
that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change
symbolic interactional approach - is a framework for building theory that
sees society as a product or the everyday interactions of individuals
feminist approach - A point of view that focuses on inequality and conflict
between women and men. Focuses on how Women important to the
development of sociology.
postmodern approach an approach that is critical of modernism with a
mistrust of grand theories and ideologies
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Lecture 3
Scientific sociology - the study of society based on systematic
observation of social behaviour.
interpretive sociology - the study of society that focuses on the
meanings people attach to the world.
critical sociology - the study of society that focuses on the need for
social change
*critical sociology suggests that reality is subject to change
empirical evidence - information that we can verify via our sensory
devices.
*making scientific truth is based on empirical evidence
reliability - consistency in measurement
validity - actually measuring exactly what one intends to measure
objectivity - personal neutrality in conducting research
hypothesis - a statement of a possible relationship between two or
more variables
Lecture 4
Culture - refers to the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the
material objects that together shape a peoples way of life.
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Document Summary

Sociological perspective: seeing the general in the particular. Positivism: a way of understanding based on science. Theory: states how facts are related, weaving observations into insight and understanding. Focuses on how women important to the development of sociology. postmodern approach an approach that is critical of modernism with a mistrust of grand theories and ideologies www. notesolution. com. *critical sociology suggests that reality is subject to change empirical evidence - information that we can verify via our sensory devices. Particular matters that individuals considers to be true or false. language- a system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another. Socialization - the lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture. nurture vs nature - behaviorism holds that behaviour is not instinctive but learned agents of socialization - peer group www. notesolution. com. Social structure refers to social patterns that guide our behaviour in everyday life.

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