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ANTA02H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Collective Unconscious, Fetus, Monogenetic Volcanic Field


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA02H3
Professor
Maggie Cummings
Study Guide
Final

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Lecture 1January 12, 2009
-Sociologists rely on data, questionnaires and archives, anthropologists do their research
through fieldwork, first hand knowledge
-It is a rite of passage until a person does its fieldwork
-Ethnography- the fieldwork that is written, through first-hand experience and
adventures
-Portray a natives culture through a natives point of view, the more detailed and more
compelling the information is, the more valid and reliable the information is
-More recent anthropology was in the Victorian era.
- Hierarchy of civilization- All cultures evolved from magical thinking, to religious
thinking to scientific rational thought
-Armchair anthropology- anthropology done in a distance from the field of study, did not
really participate in village civilization, work with missionaries and colleagues
-Britain: Social anthropology, America: Cultural anthropology
-On the Verandah- Malinowski did not really interact with the natives, was an observant,
due to the British war, he was compelled to become one of them, stayed there for two years
-Participant observation- participating in an activity and then write about it later on
-Realized cataloguing cultures was not effective and did not do justice, better to interact
with the culture and not rank villages and culture through a hierarchy
-Franz Boas- things needed to be studied in their own terms
-Cultural Relativism- as anthropologists must specific beliefs and concepts relative to the
culture, cannot judge based on their own experience and traditions. Try get enough content
to understand the culture through its own term
-Ethnocentrism- judging a culture through their own culture and beliefs
-Fieldwork is holistic, must understand most things through first-hand experience
-Culture is what makes us human, allows as to function as social’ animals
-Anthropologists must learn the rules of the culture to understand it and how they are tied
together
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-Esthetics, kinship, laws, government- think of these as systems to maintain its
perpetuations, they’re all interrelated which makes culture as a whole
Salvage ethnography- certain cultures are disappearing due to contact of other cultures,
must be salvaged by writing about it
Multi-sited ethnography- several places to do fieldwork, shows how people do not stay in
one place
Native anthropology- anthropologists who study their own culture , they have already
been normally the one being studied, short end of the stick
Ethnography at home- studying your own culture
Post-colonial anthropology- studying a culture after colonization or assimilation of a
larger power
Cockfights are more fights about men, not really about the rooster
Balinese are afraid of their inner animality; destruction, danger, fear, anger, range.
Represent how they see themselves. Deepest matches are those who have the most riding on
them, and the even playing field between the fighters. Not really about money, more about
winning and status.
People invest money in the cockfights because it adds value to the meaning, increases the
significance
Balinese culture is more about status-edged, teaches us about status
Lecture 2- January 19, 2010
-What we learn about culture is what we see in the world
-Worldview is an encompassing picture of reality based on a set of shared assumptions
about how the world works
-People may live in a society with different worldviews, or one worldview may dominate
-When there was no rain, the Bima people though there was something impeding the rain,
the gift from the powerful Allah, so they prayed for rain
-believed that mischievous spirits were holding rains, the Dou Donggo made an offering to
the spirits,
-worldview- tells us a lot about human beings, the relation between nature and the people
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-Relationship between language, culture and reality, we are what we speak, no other species
can speak elaborately and emotionally as humans
-people live in a different reality depending the language they speak
-endemic world
-language is more about labels, more a starting place, significance of learning the language
is an important step to understanding a foreigners culture and values
-people described situations through linguistic ways, the wording of words is important for
the interpretation,
-the Dou Donggo dont separate themselves with the environment
-the language that we have is how we see reality
-the idea that language structures/shapes reality, is not really valid, not as widely accepted
-different cultures have different metaphors for apprehending the world, shaping reality in
different ways
- how we define time is important to our culture
-tendency in English to objectify and quantify time is favourable in order to keep records
and projecting things into the future, forecasting
-spatialize time, time has actions (fly, run) , can run out or is slow
-Benjamin Franklin captured the essence of the word time
-a protestant work ethic- Max Weber, asceticism- through self-denial or punishment, you
can achieve a higher spiritual state of being
-protestant work of ethic shouldnt be for wealth only, its actually a sign of Gods
approval/blessing
-people appreciate time as a gift when they go through important passages of time
-ritualization of child birth teaches us many things about our worldview
-can inculcate us with secular ideas, symbolic routines that emphasize our values in culture
-rising up for a job is accepting the authority or the law system and the power of the
government, doing these rituals are important to our everyday lifes
-rituals have a large power and influence on a persons being
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