key terms

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Maggie Cummings

Key terms Names: Susan Bordo : 3 axes of continuity in Euro-American body ideals (contemporary issues) The Dualist Axis: why dont we like bodies? Mind + body (separate from one another (western belief)) mind more valued over body (historically and culturally), body has limitation therefore enemy, body is controlled by mind The Control Axis: fear of losing control, need to control the one thing they can- body. We now have less control of our lives than 100 years ago. Fear of controlling lives The GenderPower Axis: (women gaining more power thus shift in gender role) women more obsessed with body and less satisfied. Money cant buy a good feeling about oneself. (Women more controlled, related to other axis). Trying to divert attention from power with body. Women trying to create a mans body Body ideals crystallization of culture: the way that various cultural logics and values comes together, and sustain each other, in real embodied form through body ideals E.g.fatness as beauty for Azawagh Arabs E.g.the tyranny of slenderness in North America Primitive (ask Zohra to explain) vs. modern: Primitive (or traditional) versus Modern: cultural characteristics not objectively defined Primitive: backward, uncivilized ethnocentric approach whereas modern is happening now The couple in a cage: couple displayed in a cage, people who came to look had the urge to discover new people and studies. Primitive people: do not share moral codes of body parts, fascination with modern tech. had to be fed. Music has ethnic rhythm, focus on ceremonies and rituals, they dont speak for themselves, animalistic ally treated Modern versus contemporary: happening now versus different cultural morals. Dualistic relationship to something else. anthropologists modern means some specific, doesnt mean that happening today- modern means a lot of other things in anthropology, contemporary means happening today, now Progress: notion of time categorizing time and people. Time viewed differently in cultures across the world. Time makes us better and helps develop Race: Definition: the culturally constructed categorization of people into groups based on physical characteristics Race is a recent human invention about culture not biology (cultural construct) and is embedded in institutions and everyday lives. It is a social categorization based on physical attributes. (Skin color, religion, clothing, food, etc.)
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