midterm review.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA02H3
Professor
Elizabeth Page- Gould
Semester
Summer

Description
“Grammer” of Culture***: Cultural “reflexes”*** Class System** Social dis­ease= a shorthand term for all chronic social inhibitions and handicaps. The  English social disease is a our lack of ease, discomfort, and incompetence in the field  of  social interactions; our embarrassment, insularity, awkwardness, perverse obliqueness,  emotional constipation, fear of intimacy, and general inability to engage in a normal and  straightforward fashion with other human beings.  Irony/understatement  ▯irony=  expression of ones mean by using language that normal signifies the opposite,  typically for humorous or emphatic effect  ▯ nderstatement=  the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less  important than it actually is  “Ironic gnome rule” ▯ pg, 105 of watching the English ▯  Equally fascinating is her observation of the “ironic gnome rule.” A working­class  person will have a garden gnome (or other “working­ class” item) because he genuinely  likes it. An upper middle­class per­ son might have one “to be ironic” and disparage  working­class tastes. However, he would be unlikely to “ironically” do anything “middle  class” for fear of being seen as a member of that class. By contrast, an upper­class person —secure in his status—would have the gnome be­ cause he genuinely likes gnomes. It’s  an upper­class “eccentricity,” and he wouldn’t care what people thought about it.    ▪ Class system in England**: upper, middle, working, lower,  ▪ ((((Elite– this is the most privileged group in the UK. They are set apart from the other six classes, especially because of their wealth, and they have the highest levels of all three capitals – and are marked out because of their extremely high levels of economic capital. ▪ Established middle class – this is the second wealthiest class group and it scores highly on all three capitals. This is a comfortably off, secure section of the British population, and is the largest of the seven classes. Its members tend to be socially highly connected and score second highest for cultural capital. ▪ Technical middle class – this is a small, distinctive new class group that is prosperous but scores low for social and cultural capital. It is distinguished by its relative social isolation – with its members reporting few contacts – and c
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