“Grammer” of Culture***:
Social disease= a shorthand term for all chronic social inhibitions and handicaps. The
English social disease is a our lack of ease, discomfort, and incompetence in the field of
social interactions; our embarrassment, insularity, awkwardness, perverse obliqueness,
emotional constipation, fear of intimacy, and general inability to engage in a normal and
straightforward fashion with other human beings.
▯irony= expression of ones mean by using language that normal signifies the opposite,
typically for humorous or emphatic effect
▯ nderstatement= the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less
important than it actually is
“Ironic gnome rule” ▯ pg, 105 of watching the English
▯ Equally fascinating is her observation of the “ironic gnome rule.” A workingclass
person will have a garden gnome (or other “working class” item) because he genuinely
likes it. An upper middleclass per son might have one “to be ironic” and disparage
workingclass tastes. However, he would be unlikely to “ironically” do anything “middle
class” for fear of being seen as a member of that class. By contrast, an upperclass person
—secure in his status—would have the gnome be cause he genuinely likes gnomes. It’s
an upperclass “eccentricity,” and he wouldn’t care what people thought about it.
▪ Class system in England**: upper, middle, working, lower,
▪ ((((Elite– this is the most privileged group in the UK. They are set apart from the
other six classes, especially because of their wealth, and they have the highest
levels of all three capitals – and are marked out because of their extremely high
levels of economic capital.
▪ Established middle class – this is the second wealthiest class group and it
scores highly on all three capitals. This is a comfortably off, secure section of the
British population, and is the largest of the seven classes. Its members tend to be
socially highly connected and score second highest for cultural capital.
▪ Technical middle class – this is a small, distinctive new class group that is
prosperous but scores low for social and cultural capital. It is distinguished by its
relative social isolation – with its members reporting few contacts – and c