BIOC61H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Blackboard, Flybase, Albinism

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Published on 19 Aug 2014
School
Course
BIOC15 lecture 1
Online assessments- need to complete the whole thing in one go
Can retake it as long as you do the whole thing
Most updated syllabus is on blackboard readings
5 model organisms
Many diff ways to apply genetics to life
Applying concepts to case studies
oNeed to go through case studies and problems
oRead the primary literature in genetics
Genetics
Gene is heritable
Trait from one generation is seen in another generation
Structure and function of genes from one gen to the next
What is a gene and how do they gen transferred
Variation
Mendel worked with peas
Variance
oEg if you are wearing jeans and your grandma is wearing jeans, is it heritable? No, not heritable
Genetic variation exists everywhere
oIs the variation you see genetic?
Need to count the traits and accurately describe the phenotype
oEg color of snail shell, some things are not easy to describe
oNeed to say something about the organism, the characteristics
Genetics: DNA
DNA is the baseline
Genes
oWhat is a gene? Answer may change throughout your career
oCould be described by what it does, eg a normal gene vs mutated gene
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Document Summary

Online assessments- need to complete the whole thing in one go: can retake it as long as you do the whole thing. 5 model organisms: many diff ways to apply genetics to life, applying concepts to case studies, need to go through case studies and problems, read the primary literature in genetics. Genetics: gene is heritable, trait from one generation is seen in another generation, structure and function of genes from one gen to the next, what is a gene and how do they gen transferred. Answer may change throughout your career: could be described by what it does, eg a normal gene vs mutated gene, chromosomes. Alkaptonuria produced urine that turned black inborn error of metabolism defectib enzyme as homogenous oxidase. If enzyme doesn"t work, enzyme doesn"t get converted and the urine turns black. Phenylketonuria: part of same pathway, when normal gene is absent, individual.

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