EESB16H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Vandana Shiva, Rachel Carson, Nitrogen Fixation

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19 Apr 2012
School
Course
FEEDING HUMANS
EESB16
Instructor: Cindy Bongard
Mid-term Test
14 February 2012
(time allowed – 1 hour 15 minutes)
NAME:
STUDENT No.
SIGNATURE:
Total number of pages = 8 including cover page
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Multiple choice: select the best answer (i.e. read the question carefully); no penalties for wrong choices.
Indicate on the scantron sheet the answer you think is correct. Each question is worth one mark.
1. There is a negative correlation between
biodiversity and human food consumption
primarily due to:
a) the use of hydroponics
b) conversion to organic farming
c) species’ habitat loss
d) the above statement is false
2. Vandana Shiva argues that the Green
Revolution (GR) (tutorial video):
a) reduced availability of traditional foods in
demand prior to GR
b) should be followed with a better, more
sustainable GR
c) increased salinization due to irrigation
d) only a) and c)
e) only a) and b)
3. The Norfolk 4-course rotation resulted in crops
eaten successively by people or livestock and:
a) incorporated lengthy fallow periods
b) included growing turnip as a nitrogen fixer
c) provided animal fodder [lec 2]
d) was invented by Jethro Tull in 1701
e) all of the above
4. Use of chemicals for agricultural has been
linked to:
a) ozone depletion
b) cancer, organ damage, growth defects
c) significant species losses
d) eutrophication
e) all of the above
5. Rice straw is used to grow mushrooms in
Vietnamese integrated farming practices
a) true [Intergrated Farming paper]
b) false
6. The persons responsible for manufactured
nitrogen and DDT have what in common?
a) both contributed to significantly reduced bird
populations in the wild
b) both contributed to eutrophication in water
bodies
c) both were criticized in the book Silent Spring by
Rachel Carson in 1962
d) both received a Nobel Prize
2
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7. ‘Micronutrients’ for plants include:
a) Ca, Zn, Mn, N
b) Zn, B, Cl, Cu [lec 4]
c) Mg, Mo, Zn, P
d) N, P, K
8. The ‘Doomsday Vault’ refers to:
a) a Norwegian seed bank [lec 2]
b) Valivov’s collection of over 2500 species of
food plants
c) The Canadian Seeds of Diversity seed bank
d) none of the above
9. Uses for manure in integrated farming
include:
a) mulch
b) bio-gas
c) skeet shooting
d) all of the above [integrated farming]
e) a) and b) only
10. The Green Revolution was
unanimously supported as a sustainable
means of increasing crop yield
a) true
b) false [greenrev]
11. Some jellyfish species have become
increasingly problematic due to:
a) their ability to thrive in anoxic conditions [lec 4]
b) their use of phyto-toxins
c) formation of large artificial ‘reefs’ in the ocean
12. Vitousek et al. 1986 found that:
a) current rate of conversion of land to agricultural
use is hypothesized to be sustainable in the short
term
b) unused carrying capacity of the earth is well
below levels of concern
c) about 40% of NPP is being co-opted by humans
each year
13. “Dead zones” (per lecture) in water
bodies are linked to:
a) leaching of agricultural micronutrients
b) overzealous fisher-persons
c) adsorbtion of pesticides
d) leaching of agricultural fertilizers [lec 4]
e) both a) and d)
14. The use of human excreta as fertilizer
was banned in 1990.
a) true
b) false [lec 1]
3
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