(Quiz 1 covers chapter 1, 2), (Quiz 2 is chapter 4,) (Quiz 6 is chap 19), (Quiz 10 is chapter 20) (+ the
associated lecture material, of course) and the Canadian environmental geology lecture (the last lecture).
Why do plates diverge and sink?
d. all of the answers are correct
The lithosphere is ____.
a. only part of the mantle
b. the same as the crust
c. the crust and uppermost mantle
d. the layer beneath the crust
What would you most expect to find at continent-continent convergence?
a. island arc
b. continent-continent convergence is impossible
c. mountain belt
d. magmatic arc
e. mid-ocean ridge
The universe formed 4.5 billion years ago from debris left over following the Big Bang. True or false?
4.55 billion 3 million
The Earth is about years old. Humans have been on Earth for about years. For what
percentage of the Earths lifetime have humans been on Earth 0.067 ?
Seafloor spreading implies that seafloor rocks should be _______________.
1. the same age throughout 2. younger as water becomes colder
3. youngest on the continental shelf
4. youngest on the crest of mid-ocean ridges
5. younger toward the trench
The mesozoic southern supercontinent is called ____.
Please choose the best answer from the options below in order to fill in the blank. Geology developed as a
scientific discipline in the late eighteenth century as a result of _____________.
1. New demands for resources.
2. William Smith proposing that a supercontinent called Pangea existed 250 Ma.
3. An increase in the skill level of map makers.
4. The appointment of Sir William Logan as the first director of the Canadian Geological Survey in 1842.
The Eastern coast of Canada is a passive continental margin. True or false?
The Hawaiian islands are thought to be the result of ____.
a. meteorite impact
b. ocean-ocean convergence
c. mantle plumes
e. mid-ocean ridge volcanics
The largest zone of Earth's interior by volume is the ___.
a. inner core
b. mantle c. crust
d. outer core
Please fill in the blanks in this paragraph:
The Burgess Shale is exposed in Yoho National Park in the Canadian Rocky Mountains and contains some of the
worlds most important . They lived around years ago and consist of a remarkable
assemblage of arthropods, sponges, mollusks, worms and some of the earliest chordates. This diverse and
spectacular assemblage has allowed scientists to learn a great deal about the evolution of complex life forms during
The sliding of the sea floor beneath a continent or island arc is called ____.
c. polar wandering
The San Andreas fault in California is a ____.
a. reverse fault
b. transform fault
c. normal fault
d. thrust fault
What would you most expect to find at ocean-continent convergence?
a. suture zone
b. magmatic arc
c. ocean-continent convergence is impossible
d. island arc
e. mid-ocean ridge
Please match the following SCIENTISTS with some of their MAJOR CONTRIBUTIONS to the science of
geology. You may use each SCIENTIST as many or as few times as you wish.
B. __________ created the first
comprehensive geological map of A. ALFRED WEGENER
Box_1.3.Fig_1.jpg.jpg England in 1815 B. WILLIAM SMITH
C. J. TUZO WILSON
D. __________ was the first to create a
systematic layout of the geology of
D. SIR WILLIAM LOGAN
D. _________ created an inventory of
Canada s mineral resources
A. _________ first proposed the concept
of continental drift
C. ________. His work on hot spots and
transform faults contributed
substantially to the development of
the plate tectonic theory.
Passive continental margins are created at ____.
a. divergent plate boundaries
b. transform faults
c. convergent plate boundaries
d. none of the other answers is correct
Please use the options below to fill in the blanks in this sentence. Rocks formed within the Earth are brought to
the surface by (choose these two answers in alphabetical order) and
forces. New sediments are formed as these rocks are broken down by surficial processes. Over time, sediments
become lithified and create rocks; these rocks may be buried and changed by the effects of
heat and to form rocks. Metamorphic rocks may partially melt to form
magma which produces rocks.
In cross-section, the plates are part of a rigid outer shell of the Earth called the ___.