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week 1 - 13 key terms defined/collection of journal entries - LAST MINUTE STUDYING! GOOD LUCK

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Department
Global Asia Studies
Course Code
GASA01H3
Professor
Liang Chen

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Journal 1
Posted by Gloria Kim at Tuesday, February 1, 2011 12:26:43 AM EST
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HINDUISM
In comparison to other popular Asian religions, Hinduism did not start off with a set doctrinal
text or one specific founder. Hinduism simply developed itself within the Indus civilization.
As Hinduism is looked at more as the truth and a way of life, they consider asceticism and
mysticism as the chief paths for humans to realize wisdom and eternal truth. The fundamental
belief of classical Hinduism is the persuasion of good, law, morality, and human duty.
Hinduism believes ones duty in his life and the action in accordance with the duty is very
important, and those duties are to be done without attachment, personal desires or ambition.
Hinduism is also a vedic religion taught with the Veda which were later created to be used in
worship. They were cumulatively composed between 1500 and 600 B.C.E as a set of hymns,
spells, rituals and mystic poems used at sacrifices. In Hinduism, The divine truth is universal,
the paths to it are rightly varied, as dharma is rightly different for everyone.
Dharma is thought to be the central concepts of Hinduism along with Karma; dharma is the
selfless execution of ones earthly duties as the faithful following of the caste rules. Such
duties can be faithfully serving a family, or fighting to uphold ones right power. On the other
hand, karma is the consequence of ones actions; faithfulness to ones dharma produces good
karma. The concept of reincarnation is related to Karma – the karma produced by ones
mortal life determines the next rebirth of that soul; whether that person will be born into a
human or into a higher or lower status as animals or insects. Most Hindus are vegetarian, as
they consider those eating meat as the low castes. Hinduism has no fixed or uniform rituals,
formal service, established ordination or clergy, or a special day set aside for worship.
Hinduism is deeply rooted into the Indian tradition, and it remains the basic guide for over
800 million people.
ISLAM
Islam was founded by a person named Mohammed, a normal human being born into a
prosperous merchant family in Arabia around 570 C.E. He preached against the evil, and he
was the last prophet that people believed that Allah talked directly through as a messenger of
Allah. Qur’an was the principal sacred text of Islam, and it was completed after Mohammed’s
death in 632 C.E. It is believed to be inspired by god, meaning it was the direct word
communicated through Mohammed as the messenger. Mohammed adopted the concepts of
the resurrection of the physical body, a heavenly afterlife and the Last Judgment from
Christianity. Islam and Christianity are identical in a sense that they believe the good goes to
heaven but the bad goes to flaming hell. Even though Islam originated in Arabia, it still
remains as the dominant religion in the Middle East and some parts of Africa. It was even
carried into India, Malaya, Indonesia, southern Philippines, and northwestern China via
Central Asia. Muslims enjoy to worship Allah but also they live in fear and in owe of him.
Believers are brought to prayers five times a day, and during the lunar month of Ramadan,
they avoid even water and fast. They also believe faithful believers should go on pilgrimage
trips to the sacred places of Islam. Gambling, money lending, the taking of interest, all
alcohol, and eating pork are strictly forbidden, although slavery and polygamy are permitted.
www.notesolution.com
Muslims believe Mohammed was the only prophet that had the complete message of Allah,
and their creed is, “There is no God but Allah, and Mohammed is his prophet.
Journal 2
Posted by Gloria Kim at Friday, February 4, 2011 12:30:43 AM EST
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
XuanZang
Xuanzang was born into a family that had produced several generations of scholars and
received Orthodox Confucian education ever since he was young. His brother was a Buddhist
monk and once he introduced Xuanzang into Buddhism, Xuanzang converted into a Buddhist
and had a desire to study Buddhism. He moved with his brother into the capital city Chang’an
to study, but he had to move to Sichuan in order avoid the political turmoil in China at the
time. He stayed in Sichuan and learned Buddhist philosophy in Buddhist scriptures, but he
discovered that there were many contradictions and discrepancies in the texts. After failing to
have his questions answered by the Buddhist scholars there, he decided to study abroad in
India, a neighbour Buddhist nation next to China. Unfortunately he had troubles obtaining the
official traveling permit, and this led him to secretly leave Sichuan in the year of 629. During
his stays in India, he developed a high reputation as a scholar in field and he was so well-
known that a powerful ruler of northern India wanted to meet him and worship him. With his
help, Xuanzang could travel without troubles in the year 643 when he was planning a return
trip to his homeland. In the year of 645, Xuanzang had returned home after 16 years of
training. He was greatly welcomed and greeted officially from the emperor, he was even
offered a position in the palace as the official but he politely rejected the offer to continue on
his lifelong journey as a humble monk.
The Silk Road Trade
The Silk Road Trade was an important method of cultural, commercial and technological
development through trades carried out by merchants from Ancient China, India, Tibet Persia
and Mediterranean countries. This route extends 4,000 miles and was also used largely by
pilgrims, missionaries, soldiers, nomads and urban dwellers which brought big changes to the
great civilizations of China, India, Egypt, Persia, Arabia, and Rome. They could have
included in the list of the traded products; silk, slaves, and other extraordinary items. Some of
the products traded were the most extraordinary items rare to find even from the home
countries. The Silver Road expanded around 114 BCE in the Han Dynasty, this was a major
trading route that ran through many deserts and was the only source of improved goods for
some of these countries. India played a very important role in the trade, being the virtual
centre of the route while having spices, precious stones, and hand-crafted goods as their
major goods which were very popular, yet hard to find. Technologies and religions were
spread along the Silver Road too, through out the entire Asian and European countries.
Unfortunately, even when some countries were in the middle of trades via the Silver Road, the
route was closed and was not seen as a route anymore. There had been many trading’s that
were occurring on the silk road and as time passed by eventually this route has closed up and
did not allow anymore trades.
www.notesolution.com
Journal 3 (week 4 & 5)
Posted by Gloria Kim at Wednesday, February 16, 2011 2:21:06 AM EST
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
What does Indianization of Southeast Asia actually mean, and how did that happen?
Indianization of Southeast Asia means the cultural immersion and colonization of
Southeast Asia due to Indian influence between approximately 150 BC and AD 150 (early
20the century). Southeast Asia was influenced strongly by its neighbours from the north and
the west, and began to fundamentally develop more like China and India. The Indian
influence, primarily, set up trades within southeastern countries and later converted the
majority of the them into the Indian religion and lifestyle.This idea of Indianization was
spread along the Silk Road that Chinese people took as a way of transportation and trades.
Since this significant movement of cultural influence, more complex politics and
archaeological style and techniques developed. This change of culture took place quickly and
was spread further into Southeast Asia because the local rulers were the ones who took the
initiative to adopt Indic religions and foreign political order to reinforce and try a new type of
prominent governing concept.
Indian dance, music, literature, art, and dramatic versions of Hindu scripture were
imported into the Southeast Asia. Meanwhile, Chinese traders were active in the eastern half
of Asia, building major trade sights in Philippines and Java.As Hinduism became the
dominant religion among the power-class, Sanskrit became the classical language used
commonly among the believers, and they became easily exposed to Indian texts and scripts.
This type of language transition led to an adaptation of language which later evolved into
local tongues of today. The Indian form of Buddhism came to spread within Southeast Asia as
well in the systems of writing, art, literature, symbols, ideas, kinship, and government.
Through this political and cultural transition, many nations expanded and opened up to other
international affairs.
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Journal 1 Posted by Gloria Kim at Tuesday, February 1, 2011 12:26:43 AM EST ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- HINDUISM In comparison to other popular Asian religions, Hinduism did not start off with a set doctrinal text or one specific founder. Hinduism simply developed itself within the Indus civilization. As Hinduism is looked at more as the truth and a way of life, they consider asceticism and mysticism as the chief paths for humans to realize wisdom and eternal truth. The fundamental belief of classical Hinduism is the persuasion of good, law, morality, and human duty. Hinduism believes ones duty in his life and the action in accordance with the duty is very important, and those duties are to be done without attachment, personal desires or ambition. Hinduism is also a vedic religion taught with the Veda which were later created to be used in worship. They were cumulatively composed between 1500 and 600 B.C.E as a set of hymns, spells, rituals and mystic poems used at sacrifices. In Hinduism, The divine truth is universal, the paths to it are rightly varied, as dharma is rightly different for everyone. Dharma is thought to be the central concepts of Hinduism along with Karma; dharma is the selfless execution of ones earthly duties as the faithful following of the caste rules. Such duties can be faithfully serving a family, or fighting to uphold ones right power. On the other hand, karma is the consequence of ones actions; faithfulness to ones dharma produces good karma. The concept of reincarnation is related to Karma the karma produced by ones mortal life determines the next rebirth of that soul; whether that person will be born into a human or into a higher or lower status as animals or insects. Most Hindus are vegetarian, as they consider those eating meat as the low castes. Hinduism has no fixed or uniform rituals, formal service, established ordination or clergy, or a special day set aside for worship. Hinduism is deeply rooted into the Indian tradition, and it remains the basic guide for over 800 million people. ISLAM Islam was founded by a person named Mohammed, a normal human being born into a prosperous merchant family in Arabia around 570 C.E. He preached against the evil, and he was the last prophet that people believed that Allah talked directly through as a messenger of Allah. Quran was the principal sacred text of Islam, and it was completed after Mohammeds death in 632 C.E. It is believed to be inspired by god, meaning it was the direct word communicated through Mohammed as the messenger. Mohammed adopted the concepts of the resurrection of the physical body, a heavenly afterlife and the Last Judgment from Christianity. Islam and Christianity are identical in a sense that they believe the good goes to heaven but the bad goes to flaming hell. Even though Islam originated in Arabia, it still remains as the dominant religion in the Middle East and some parts of Africa. It was even carried into India, Malaya, Indonesia, southern Philippines, and northwestern China via Central Asia. Muslims enjoy to worship Allah but also they live in fear and in owe of him. Believers are brought to prayers five times a day, and during the lunar month of Ramadan, they avoid even water and fast. They also believe faithful believers should go on pilgrimage trips to the sacred places of Islam. Gambling, money lending, the taking of interest, all alcohol, and eating pork are strictly forbidden, although slavery and polygamy are permitted. www.notesolution.com
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